Chinese Hist Lecture 2 - The Early Dynasties Shang...

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The Early Dynasties Shang Dynasty (existence verified 1766-1123 BC) Theocracy Virtue not a criterion for rewards Social Stratification Urban centers Zhou Dynasty (1122-256 BC) Decree/Mandate of Heaven Feudal Rule Western vs Eastern Zhou Warring States Period (roughly, the last two centuries of the Zhou Dynasty) Golden Age of Chinese Thought (roughly 6th - 3rd centuries BC) Confucianism (Confucius 551 - 479 BC) Daoism Legalism Terms Ancestor Worship Priest-King Di Wei River Valley Hao (near present day Xian) Rong (name of the people who sacked the capital of the Western Zhou in 771 BC) Luoyang (Capital of the Eastern Zhou dynasty) - Shang kings traveled a lot over their ruling terrirtory, to renew political relationships and also hunting parties - Shang controlled a large military that were fairly advanced - Ancestors were very important in Shang culture - The king can contact his ancestors who in turn have contact with Di , the force which controlls everything - The kings could be said to be Priest-Kings, their role was to keep his ancestors happy and bring Di into action in a beneficial way - Because of this, the Shang dynasty is a Theocracy since theres no division between government and religion
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