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James BookerHMGT 372 6381 Legal and Ethical Issues in Health Care (2162)Official Title of the Law or LawsIn 1996, Congress passed the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act better known to others as HIPAA for short. The law in its entirety is called Public Law 104-191. HIPAAis composed of five titles that cover and explain each part of this law. In these five titles are also several subtitles as well. The five titles are: TITLE I-Health Care Access, Portability, and Renewability, TITLE II-Preventing Health Care Fraud and Abuse; Administrative Simplification;Medical Liability Reform, TITLE III-Tax Related Health Provisions, TITLE IV-Application and Enforcement of Group Health Plan Requirements, and TITLE V-Revenue Offsets.Health Care Organization’s Obligations to meet Patients’ Legal RightsIn the healthcare industry, healthcare organizations are obligated to follow the laws that govern healthcare. They are also obligated to adhere to a patient’s legal rights or could face trouble if failure to comply occurs. Two legal obligations that a health care organization owes to its patients is security of medical information whether it is digital or paper and maintaining privacy of medical information of patients.Consequences for Non-ComplianceAs we know laws are in place to create order and maintain justice. In a perfect world, everyone follows the rules and regulations. But sadly, we do not live in a perfect world. People are corrupt, people don’t follow regulations and patients suffer. As listed previously, two legal obligations healthcare organizations owe patients are securing patients medical information and maintain privacy of a patient’s medical information.
Legal obligation 1- Privacy of a patient’s medical informationConsequence for Non-Compliance- As stated in HIPAA section 1177 Subsection B, wrongful disclosure of individually identifiable health information which also includes to another person can be fined not more than $50,000, imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both.