Exam 2 Study Guide - LER 100 Exam 2*mentioned in review...

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LER 100 Exam 2 *mentioned in review Unions Purpose: Represent the interest of their members Improve members’ lives Serve as a check and balance on the power of employees Means: Collective bargaining Political/legislative action Union Structure: Levels 1. Local Union 2. District/Regional 3. National/International (autonomous) 4. Federation (voluntary national unions) *Management Oppositions to Unions: Decreases managements control Increases employer’s costs (reduces profit) Views union as troublemaker Believes union undermines employee loyalty Conflict with union mission and values *Range of Union-Management Relationships: Conflict Armed truce Power bargaining Accommodation Cooperation * corporations spend 37x more then unions *Largest union: National Education Association (N.E.A.)
Labor Relations: the part of the Employment Relations System governed by labor law, in which employees are represented by unions that bargain with the employer about wages and benefits, hours of work, and conditions of work * Labor Relations Process: 1. Organization of a union 2. Collective bargaining a. No Strike/Lockout b. Strike/Lockout c. Settlement 3. Contract Administration (e.g. grievance/arbitration system) *The Organization Process: ways for the union to enter a workplace (getting recognition by employer) Voluntary recognition by employer NLRB-directed bargaining by employer (gissel doctrine) Secret ballot election of employees, supervised/certified by the NLRB Process: 1. Dissatisfaction in the workplace 2. Sign cards or petition 3. 30% show of interest 4. Bargaining unit determined 5. Campaign 6. Secret ballot election 7. Certification 4 . Bargaining Unit NLRB decides what bargaining unit will be based on “community of interests” among employees Community interests: employees share common employment interests and may be reasonably grouped together for bargaining purposes Electorate for vote on union Employees covered by CBA (if union wins) o Union must represent these employees o Employer must bargain about those employees if union wins Not the same as union members E. Campaign
*90% of people will campaign Neither the employer nor the union may engage in: Coercion – to join a union Threats – to vote in one direction Surveillance – of employee activity Common Union Issues: Union will prevent unfairness Union will improve wages Employees will have a voice You control your union Union will improve benefits *Additional Professional Employee Issues: Professional standards Participation in policy making Regulation of credentials Training and professional development Employer resources committed to professional goals Role for professionals in making personal decisions Common Employer Issues: Employer improvements are not dependent on unionization Costs of union outweigh benefits Union is outsider If union wins, strikes follow A. *Union Campaign

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