lecture 2

lecture 2 - 4/22/08 Outline Women in the Christian...

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4/22/08 1 Women in the Christian Tradition Outline • Views of Women in the Old Testament • Female Models in the Old Testament • Women in the New Testament • St. Paul and the Church Fathers • Reformation Views of Women • New Testament Models • Conclusions The Bible • A book consisting of a collection of books that contains the sacred scriptures of Judaism and Christianity. • The Christian Bible consists of the Old Testament and the New Testament. • The Jewish Bible includes only the books known to Christians as the Old Testament. • The Catholic and the Protestant Bibles are almost completely the same, there are a few differences in some books of the Old Testament. Judaism Old Testament • Torah (the Law) or Pentateuch : how Israel became a nation and how it came to possess the Promised Land • Nevi’im (the Prophets): continues the story of Israel in the Promised Land, establishment and development of the monarchy and presents the messages of the prophets to the people • Ketuvim (the Writings) or Hagiographia: speculations on the place of evil and death in the scheme of things, poetical works and some additional historical books. Christianity New Testament • Four types of books Christianity New Testament • Four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John): life, person and teachings of Jesus. Matthew and John were among the first 12 disciple that Jesus had. Mark is Peter’s son (probably in the spiritual sense) and recounts Peter’s memories; Luke was a doctor a co-worker of Paul.
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4/22/08 2 Christianity New Testament • Book of Acts (of the Apostles): story of Christianity from the Resurrection of Jesus to the end of the career of Paul. Christianity New Testament • Letters or Epistles of Saint Paul : letters written by the Apostle Paul (a convert from Judaism who never knew Jesus) to different Christian communities around the Mediterranean in which he applies the message of the Church to the needs of early Christian congregations. Christianity New Testament • The Book of the Revelation of St. John (the Apocalypse) is the only canonical representative of a large genre of apocalyptic literature that appeared in the early Christian movement. Apocryphal Books • Religious writings which were judged not to be genuine by early Christian theologians Gnostic Gospels • Alternative Gospels that were in circulation by the mid 2 nd century when the 4 Gospels were established as authoritative. Gnostics (from the Greek word which means “to know”) belonged to mystical Christian sects which originated at the time of Christ and became very popular in the early Christian period but were rejected by the main Church. • For example, there are three Gnostic gospels in
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lecture 2 - 4/22/08 Outline Women in the Christian...

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