lecture 3

lecture 3 - 4/22/08 Authorities Women in the Scientific...

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1 Women in the Scientific Tradition From the Theory of the Bodily Humors to the Trotula of Salerno Authorities • Ancient Greek Philosophical/Authorities and Women’s Bodies: – Hippocrates (c. 460-c. 377 BC) – Aristotle (384-322 BC) – Galen (129-199) Hippocrates (c. 460- c.377BC) • “the Father of Medicine”; “the Great Physician” • The first great medical theorist in the Greek tradition Hippocrates (c. 460- c.377BC) - Wrote a whole series of works on diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of diseases, including epilepsy, surgery, women’s diseases, anatomy and medical ethics. - Originated the idea of the “BODILY HUMORS” - that health was controlled by the balance of four bodily fluid. - Believed that the uterus was some sort of an independent organism or animal which lived inside women (a view Plato accepted). Aristotle (384-322 BC) • The greatest of ancient Greek philosophers Aristotle (384-322 BC) Believed the world could be understood by observing nature and making rational deductions. His theories were not totally accepted by early Christians, who favored Plato’s ideas of world of ideals, a reality which could only be understood by God. Believed it was obvious from observation of nature that the male of every species is superior to the female. Believed that women were imperfectly formed or incomplete men. He accepted the theory of the “bodily humors”.
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lecture 3 - 4/22/08 Authorities Women in the Scientific...

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