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Phillip YangAP Euro Renaissance Long Essay The Renaissance was a period of drastic changes in conceptions of the individual, and this was reflected through the arts of the time. Prior to the era, the European world had been shaken by the crises of the fourteenth century, including events such as the Black Plague, the 100 Years War, and the Great Schism. People began to lose faith in the clergy, and because of the peril surrounding them, also started to turn their attention to the world around them. These new attitudes helped spur the birth of new ideas of humanism; that is, emphasizing the individual value of humans as well as a secularized viewpoint of the world, all through a newfound focus on classical teachings and traditions from Greece and Rome. These ideas were particularly prominent in Italy, where competing city-states became rich as a result of their advantageous locations on trade routes, allowing them to promote and patronize the growth of the arts. Renaissance arts including visual arts, the art of political theory, and literature were reflective of these newfound attitudes of the period by incorporating the revival of classical learning, emphasizing and developing ideas of the individual value and worth of humans, and emphasizing a general shift from religious topics to secular ones, all to further promote humanism and respond to the previous crises of the fourteenth century.Perhaps the most striking change in new attitudes was the revival of classical learning, as people believed they could use these Greek and Roman sources to enrich their perspectives, as such authorities still held meaning in the contemporary world.