Ch. 4_Melody_Study Notes

Ch. 4_Melody_Study Notes - 1 Terms to know for Ch. 4 Melody...

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Terms to know for Ch. 4 Melody Melody : Interval : A. Melodic interval B. Harmonic interval SCALES: As we learned in Ch. 2, a scale of any melody is simply the set of tones used in that melody; there are many scales, and each has its own flavor. Steps: Whole step (tone) (W): Half step (semi-tone) (H): Major scale Order of steps: WWHWWWH Order of pitches for a C major scale = CDEFGAB Natural minor scale -WHWWHWW You can build a minor scale from a major scale by lowering the 3rd, 6th, and 7th scale degrees. Just so you know: Two other types of minor scales: 1) Melodic minor; and 2) Harmonic minor scale, which can be used to create a stereotypical “Eastern” sound. (You don’t have to know the order of the steps for these!). Pentatonic scale (five note scale) The black keys of the piano give you the five possibilities. Listen to Louis Moreau Gottschalk’s (1829-1869, from New Orleans) piece for solo piano, “The Banjo.” Book CD, track 17. For fun, watch a pianist play it on YouTube. In this piece, Gottschalk uses pentatonic scales, folk melodies (Western folk melodies are usually built from pentatonic scales), and imitates the banjo with the piano. He was a great virtuoso, and this is indeed a difficult piece to play. Lots of repeated notes that require some fast fingerwork!
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This note was uploaded on 05/28/2008 for the course MUSIC 130 taught by Professor Frank during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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Ch. 4_Melody_Study Notes - 1 Terms to know for Ch. 4 Melody...

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