Chapter 1_Timbre_Study notes

Chapter - •Aerophones 1 Flutes(side-blown duct rim-blown 2 Reeds(single reed double reed other reeds 3 Brass(metal other 1 Sachs-Hornbostel

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MUSC 130: Survey of Music Literature READ THIS: Note: Naturally other terms may turn up on the tests, but focus on what we’ve discussed in class, not any trivial details. The quizzes and exams are primarily—if not entirely— multiple choice. Remember to use the index to find the terms quickly in your book. Also, the glossary gives nice, short definitions to many of the terms. Don’t try to cram in the listening— it won’t work! Quiz 1 will probably be made of 6 listening questions (multiple choice), 19 multiple choice questions, and 5 identification questions, where you will answer a question based on an illustration. So have a good look at all the illustrations in the textbook! Other images can turn up, but they will have played an important role in class or lab. Chapter One “Timbre”: Terms Timbre The Human Voice: Soprano Alto Tenor Bass Sprechstimme Falsetto Castrato Pesinden singer European-American classification system: strings, percussion, brass, woodwinds Sachs- Hornbostel classification system:
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Unformatted text preview: •Aerophones: 1) Flutes (side-blown, duct, rim-blown) 2) Reeds (single reed, double reed, other reeds) 3) Brass (metal, other) 1 Sachs-Hornbostel classification system continued: •Chordophones: 1) bowed 2) plucked •Membranophones: 1) tuned: timpani, Indian tabla . . . 2) untuned: frame drums, friction drums . . . •Idiophones: 1) struck: gong, woodblock, . . . 2) plucked: music box, African mbira (or “thumb piano”), . . . 3) tuned-struck: church bells, xylophone, . . . •Electrophones: all electric instruments musique concrète Idiom transfer Mixed timbres •Nature (another part of the Sachs-Hornbostel classification system) Practice classifying instruments: Know, for example, that a trombone is 1) an aerophone and 2) is made of brass. A flute? = an aerophone, but there are three kinds, right? How do you classify a modern flute? And the old wooden recorder (an ancestor of the flute)? What about the bagpipes? And musical glasses? And so on. 2...
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This note was uploaded on 05/28/2008 for the course MUSIC 130 taught by Professor Frank during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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Chapter - •Aerophones 1 Flutes(side-blown duct rim-blown 2 Reeds(single reed double reed other reeds 3 Brass(metal other 1 Sachs-Hornbostel

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