DISEASE NOTES

DISEASE NOTES - AIS 101 DISEASE The historical act of...

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AIS 101 DISEASE The historical act of invasion of the Americas resulted in the greatest adverse impact in Native Americans in terms of disease in history. Beginning at contact in 1492 and extending through the early 19th century, disease in the form of virgin- soil epidemics decimated native populations. Demographic scholars generally agree that between 50-90% of the Indian population was destroyed, largely as the result of epidemic disease. . I. Virgin-Soil Epidemics A. Smallpox, measles, chickenpox, influenza (most are usually considered “childhood disease” because one is usually exposed to them in childhood and incurs immunity) B. Populations at risk have had no previous contact with diseases and therefore are immunologically almost defenseless (Catawba: “We have no reason to be afraid of anything but Sickness.” ). C. Old World diseases chief determinant in demography of tribes for 100- 150 years after initial exposure D. Massive losses due to 2 factors: nature of disease and reaction of
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DISEASE NOTES - AIS 101 DISEASE The historical act of...

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