GOVT 2305 - Study Guide 3

GOVT 2305 - Study Guide 3 - THIRD EXAM Chapter 11 Know why...

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THIRD EXAM Chapter 11 Know why the Framers opted for a bicameral legislature. They feared a single legislature would lead to tyranny and they wanted legislation to occur only after patient deliberation How were Senators originally selected? by state legislatures, not by the people Know the difference between a delegate and a trustee. 344 Delegate - An elected representative who acts in perfect accord with the wishes of his or her constituents Trustee - An elected representative who believes that his or her own best judgment, rather than instruction from constituents, should be used in making legislative decisions. According to your textbook, is Congress representative or unrepresentative? Why or why not? Unrepresentative In terms of descriptive representation because the legislative body is not similar to the general population in terms of race sex, ethnicity, occupation, religion, age, and the like Know what constituents are. Citizen who lives in the district of an elected official Define reapportionment and redistricting. Reapportionment - The reallocation of House seats among the states, done every 10 years after each national census, to ensure that seats are held by the states in proportion to the size of their populations. Redistricting - The redrawing of congressional district lines within a state to ensure roughly equal populations within each district Understand the one-person, one-vote ruling. Supreme court 1964 Wesberry vs Sanders Applies to congressional districts meaning that congressional districts within a state must be of roughly equal population size Define gerrymandering. Redrawing electoral district lines in an extreme and unlikely manner to give an advantage to a particular party or candidate
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What is the result of majority-minority districts? Has this occurred in North Carolina? Districts drawn to ensure that a racial minority makes up the majority of voters Result is increase in the number of racial minority reps in Congress, HOWEVER, the creation of such districts has undermined Democratic Party strength in other districts by taking traditionally Democratic- oriented minority group voters away from previously Democratic-dominated districts Yes, this has occurred in North Carolina's Twelfth District Know the advantages of incumbency. Incumbents in Congress win at very high rates, especially in the house. Face little serious challenge from the opposition party candidate. Redistricting process in many states has been fashioned to protect incumbents in each of the parties. Attracting and spend much more campaign money than their rivals. Many contributors look at campaign contributions as an “investment” in access to key members of Congress. Already well known to voters What is franking? What is casework?
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