ENGR_183_W08_04 - Technology to the Industrial Revolution

ENGR_183_W08_04 - Technology to the Industrial Revolution -...

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Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2006 Engineering and Society: Societal Effects of Technology Through the Industrial Revolution Dr. Gershon Weltman Engineering 183, UCLA SEAS Lecture 4
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    2 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2006 Broad Historical Timeline 0 1000 AD 2000 AD 1000 BC 2000 BC Mesopotamia Greek Empire Medieval Period Renaissance Industrial Revolution Roman Empire Enlightenment Chinese Empire
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    3 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2006 Definition of Technology 1. 1. Technique Technique “The totality of the means employed to provide objects necessary for human sustenance and comfort.” 1. 1. Communication Communication “Systematic treatment of an art. Technical language.” Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary
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    4 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2006 Technology of Mesopotamia and Egypt Domestication of Animals Family and Communal Agriculture “Industrial” Use of Fire Metals and Iron for Weapons, Tools and Utensils Cloth Spinning and Weaving Pottery Spinning and Glazing Structures of Wood, Brick and Stone Wheels for Transport Water Conduits for Irrigation, Drinking and Sewers Writing for Records and Accounting “Agriculture was the basis of the economy, home was the center of most production and the main source of power was man or beast.” A.G. Drachmann
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    5 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2006 Technology on a Small Scale…. . Watering a Garden, Egypt 1300 BC Cuneiform Tablet Babylonia, 650 BC
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    6 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2006 ….and on an Immense Scale Pyramids and Sphinx, Egypt Portico of Philea Temple, Egypt
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    7 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2006 Greek Architecture http://www.goddess-athena.org/ Greece provided the artistic ideals for the Western World The Parthenon, c480 B.C.E.
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    8 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2006 Greek Mechanisms http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks Heron’s Surveying Instrument c100BC Heron’s Odometer c100 BC Ptolemy’s Astrolabe c200 AD Oxybeles Artillery Bow c375 BC A surprising amount of science and precision, but more for demonstration than for civil engineering or for warfare
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    9 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2006 Roman Engineering Mechanical Power Transmission Gearing Screws and Screw Drives Force Pumps and Applications Cement Construction/Arched Vaults City Planning Long Distance Aqueducts Permanent Roads Ship Building and Shipping Military Technology Cross Bow Catapult Command and Control In contrast to the Greeks, less science and more practical systems for civil engineering and for warfare
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    10 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2006 Roman Architecture for Daily Life…. Temple of Apollo Photo Restored Temple of Apollo Pompeii, c. 79 AD Current Ruins
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  11 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2006 …. for Popular Occasions…. The Coliseum in Rome, 70 AD, Photo Restored
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ENGR_183_W08_04 - Technology to the Industrial Revolution -...

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