JS Midterm essay answers - The term anti-Semitism was...

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The term anti-Semitism was coined by Wilhelm Marr in 1873 and introduced in Germany to describe the antagonistic and hostile views towards Jews held by a portion of the population at the time. These negative attitudes toward Jews were hardly a new phenomenon, but found its roots in Christian anti-Judaism. Modern anti-Sem was a term that reflects a new understainding of the jew as the “other.” A new way of talking about differences. Unlike the anti-Judaism argument of Xs, it was not based on religion. Anti-Jud was a necessary but not suffiecient factor leading to Hit. Hitler says that he doesn’t tolerate Jews b/c of their race (a-S) not b/c of their relig (a-J) Nazi anti-Sem could not have existed w/out history of anti-Jud in western tradition. But wouldn’t have emerged only b/c of anti-Jud. Nazis took foundations of those believe and changed them and added something to do it? Discuss the origins of modern anti-Semitism by addressing the historical development of anti-Judaism within Christianity: The negative attitudes toward Jews in the 1870s was an extension of the anti-Judaism arguments espoused by X leaders during the Middle Ages. In the fourth century (321), when X becomes the official religion of the Roman empire, X turned against Judaism in order to legimize itself. X developed the supersession myth which said that X had become the “New Israel” while Judaism or the “Old Israel” stood rejected. X maintained that the Jews stood rejected because they had refused to accept Jesus as the Messiah. In the ensuing centuries, X anti-Sematism crystallizes. Anti-Judaism stems from the X belief that the Jews were responsible for crucification of Jesus and were therefore accused of killing god=deide. (Matthew 27, John 19--Reader) and charcterization of Pilate—lec 1/16. Even if this is accurate account of jews—this would only be small portion of them who were there. Historical pt—whole idea of thinking as jews as this collective entitity that they would come together on everything…not true. Jews were split and widely divergent religious direction (sagicees, Pharisees, etc) Diversity even linguisticly, econ, rural, urban.
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Very divergent pop at this time that can’t really be thought about as a cohesive whole that would agree on something like that. In fact, according to the Gospels, a random Judean mob had demanded that the Romans kill a Galilean Jew (there were bitter dissensions betw Judeans and Galieans at the time), a Jew who in their eyes was a false messiah. As a prod measure there might have been jewish leaders who thought it would be safer to get rid of a rebel like jesus during Passover. Passover celebrates the exodus. Exodus can be viewd as a holiday of liberation. At this time there has been a pd of relative jew autonomy during Hasmonean pd. There were repeated rebellions and jews were a volatile force. The mooning incident in 48 not too long after jesus
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  • Spring '07
  • Gillerman

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