EXAM_1_GRADES_PSY_1_SPRING_2008

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Unformatted text preview: This document contains all the information you need to learn your score on Exam 1 and to interpret that score. First, find the first few digits of your Harvard ID in Table 1 below. This table shows you the answers you chose for each of the 33 questions, the number of questions you answered correctly, and your "z score." (For information about z-scores see the course syllabus). TABLE 1: ANSWERS ON 33 QUESTIONS, RAW SCORE, & Z-SCORE YOUR ID 1060 1061 10637 10638 106631 106637 106639 106649 10665 106935 106937 106938 1069393 1069395 1069411 1069412 1069420 1069422 1069424 1069441 1069445 1069692 1069696 106971 1069723 1069724 106973 106974 1069751 1069755 1069763 1069765 1 a d b d e d d e d d c d d e d b a c d d c e b d e d d a d b e c 2 a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a c a a a a a a a a a a 3 e c c e e c e e e c e e c e e b b e c e c c e e e b b e e c e c 4 c d c c c c e e e e c c e c c c c c e c c c c c e c c c c c c c 5 b d d d b d d d d d b d d d d e b d d d d e d b b d d b d a b d 6 d c b c d e b d d d d d e e d b c b b b e b b d d b d b b d d b 7 b b b d b b b b d b b b b b b b d b d d b b b b b e b b b c b b 8 c c c c b c c c c c c c c c c c c a c c c c c c c c c c c c c c 9 e e a b e e e b b e e e b b a b e e b e d d d b e e b d a e e b 10 a a a a a c a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a c a a a a a 11 d d d e b d d d b d e a d d a d d d d d d d d d a d a d a d d d 12 e b b e e d b b e e e b d b e b b e b b a e e b e b b b e a b b 13 b b b b b b b b b a b b b b a b a b a b b e b b b a b b b d b a 14 e e e a e e d e e e e e e e e d e e e d a e c e d e d e e b e d 15 d d d c d d d d a d d e c b e d a e d a c b d d c d d d d d d c 16 b a e a b e a d e b e a b d b b a b b b e d a b a b b b b d d a 17 a a b a a a a a a a a a a a a a b a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a 18 c a c c a c c a c c d c c c c c a c c e c a c c a a c c a c c d 19 e e e e a a e e a e d a e e c c a e c c a c a c a a a a e d a c 20 e d d d b d a b c b e e e d b e e d d c d b e d d d a e d d d d 21 c a e c c a c e c c c c e d b c c c d d c c e b c d d d c c c c 22 b c c c c c b d c c c c c d c c c c c c c c c c c c c c e c c c 23 a d d a a a a a a a a b a a a d e a a a a a d a c d a a a d a a 24 a a a a a a e a a a a a a b a a c a a a b e a a a a a a a c a a 25 d e d d d d d c d d d c a d e d d d c d c e d d e d d c d d d c 26 e b d a c e e c b d e d d c d d d b e d c e d d d d d e c e d a 27 c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c e c c c 28 d b a a a b a a a a e a d b d a a a a d d d d a e a e a a e a b 29 e c a e e b d e b e e e e c b e e b b e c e e e c e b c b e e e 30 b b d b b a b b b b b b b a b b a a b b b b a b a b b b b e b b 31 d a a c c a a c a a a d a e a a e a a a c c a a a d a a a a a a 32 c a a d b e d a a a d c d d a a c b a a a a a a e c a e e a a a 33 a a a d d d d d d d d c d d d d a d a d d c a d a d d a d a d d NUMBER CORRECT 19 19 22 21 20 21 21 21 23 24 19 21 22 20 22 26 15 22 25 27 18 15 22 30 14 25 25 24 22 15 27 22 Z SCORE 0.50 0.50 0.22 0.02 0.26 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.46 0.70 0.50 0.02 0.22 0.26 0.22 1.17 1.45 0.22 0.94 1.41 0.73 1.45 0.22 2.13 1.69 0.94 0.94 0.70 0.22 1.45 1.41 0.22 1069767 106978 10698 107 2061 20637 20639 206630 206635 2066492 2066496 206652 206654 2066587 2066588 20666 206936 2069378 2069379 2069402 2069404 206941 206943 206944 206968 206969 2069722 2069725 206974 206975 206977 2069800 2069807 206981 207090 217 306094 306097 3061064 306109 3063 30641 30647 a e b b d b d b d d a d d b d c a d b b e d c a b d d c e b e b b c e d d b d a d b b a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b d a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a c b c c e c e b c e e b c e e b e e c c c e c c c c c e e b c c e e c e b e c e e e e e c e c c c e a c c e c c c e c c d c c e c e c c c c e c c c c e e e c c d c c c c c d d d d d d d b e d d d b d d b d d b d a d d e e d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d b e d b d b a b c e b b d d d d e d d d a e b e a e d d d d d d e d b d d b b e d b d d d b b c b c d b d b b b b b b b d b b b c b e d e b b b b b b b b b c b b b b d c b b c c c c c c c c b c c c c c c c c c b c c c c c c b c c a c c c a c c c c c c c c a c b b a e b e e e e d b e a a e e e e e e a e b d c b d b b b c b b e a d c b b b e b b a a c a a a a c a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a e a a a a a a a a a a d e a d d a d d d d d d d d d d d d e d e e d d d d d d d d d d e d a d d d d d d a a a b e b b b a e e b e c b e b e b b b b e b d e b a b b b b b b b d e b b b e b b a a b b b b b b b a b b b b b b a a b b b a b d b e a b b b a b b e b a a b c b a b b b b e e b e e d e e e e e d e e e c e e e a d e e e e e d c d d e e e e e e e e e e e e e a e a a d d d d d d d e d d d b d d d d a d c d d a d b d d c b a c d d d d d a b d d b d e b b b e e d e d d b b b a b d e a e b b e b b b d b b d b e e d e b b b d e e d a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a c a c a c c a a c c c c a a c c a a c c c a c c c a c c c c a c a c c e c c c c a d c e c c e c e a a e c a e c e c c c c d c c e a e a a c a e c a d a a c c e c a c a d d d d a a a c e e b e a e e d d d d d d d e a e c d d d e d d e e b e d d d d d d d a e c d d c c b d e d c c e b c d e e e c e d c c c e d d c e a c d c c a d c b d c e c c c c c c c b c c d e c c c c c c c c b c c c c c c c c c c e b d e c c c c c c c c a a a a a b c a a a a a a a a a a a a d a d a a a a a a a a a a a a d a a a d a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a e b a a a a a a a a a d d c a e e d d a d d d d d d c d d e d d d d d d c d d d d c a d d b d e d d d c d d b e d e d b c c d d c c d e d c e c a c d d a e a c c c d d c d a c e d d c e d d d e c c c c c c c b c c c c c c c c c c b c c c c c X c c c b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c a a d a d d a e b a d d a d d d a X d d b d d d d a d a a a a a b a d b d a a a a d a b e d e b e e b e e e e e b e b e e e e e e e b c e b e e e e e b b d e b e e e e c b b b b b b b b b b b b a b c b b b a a d b d b b a b b b b a b b b b b a c c b b b b a a d a a a b a a e a a b a e a a a d a c a a a d c a a a a a a a a c a a c c a a a a c a a a a a a a e a a d b a a a d a d a b d a a d d a d a d d d b e a d a e a a a e a a d d c d d c d a d d d d d d d a a c d d d d d d a d a a d d d a a a c d c d d d d d d 22 23 18 25 29 16 24 13 20 28 23 18 27 21 25 13 26 21 18 18 17 26 23 15 16 24 23 24 26 25 22 23 16 18 12 26 22 27 25 28 27 24 21 0.22 0.46 0.73 0.94 1.89 1.21 0.70 1.93 0.26 1.65 0.46 0.73 1.41 0.02 0.94 1.93 1.17 0.02 0.73 0.73 0.97 1.17 0.46 1.45 1.21 0.70 0.46 0.70 1.17 0.94 0.22 0.46 1.21 0.73 2.16 1.17 0.22 1.41 0.94 1.65 1.41 0.70 0.02 3066310 3066326 30664 30665 3069348 3069349 306937 30693930 3069398 306941 306942 306945 306968 3069690 3069699 306974 306977 306979 307 4060 40632 40638 406630 406633 406634 406655 406657 406661 406935 406937 4069395 4069397 4069401 4069404 4069446 4069449 4069688 4069690 4069698 4069702 4069764 4069767 4069797 e b e d e d a b d d d a d d d b a b a d b d d d b a d b d b a d d d b a b d a a d a d a a a a a a a a d a a a a a a a a a a d a a a a a a a a a d a a a b a a a a a a a a a e e e c c c e e c e e e c e c e b c c e c c e e e e e e c e c e e c c e c c e e e e c e c c c c c e c e e e c c d e c c c c e c c e c c c c e e e c d e e e c c c c e c c d d d d d d b d b e d e d d d d d b e b d d d d b d d d c b d e d d b c d d d d b d d d b b b e d a d b e b b d b b b a e b b e d b c b b d d c c d a d d e e b b b d d d b d e d b d b b b c b b b b b b d b b b b b b b b b b b b b c d c b b d b b b b e e d b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c b c c c b c a c c c c c c a c c b e e b e a a d d e c e e b c e c b e d b e e e b b d e a a c e d a c c b b b e e e b a a a a a a a a c a a c a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a e a a a a a d a a a a a a a a a e d d d d b d d d c e e d d d d d a c d d c d a d d a d d e a d d b a d a d c d d d e c d b b b e e a e b e b b b e a b b b b e a b b b d b a e e e b e e e b b e b e e e b b b b b b b b b a a b b c b b b b b b b a b b b b b b a a b b a b b a a b b a b b b b e d e e e e e e c e a e e e b e e e c e e a e d e a d e d e a a e e e e e e e d d a d a d e a d e e d d d d d d d d d a d b e b d c b d d d d a d d d c d e d d d a c c d a b b b a b b e e a b d b b b b b a b a b a a b a b d b a d b b e d a e b e b d d e d a a a a a a a b b a a a a a a a a a a a a e a a a a a a a a e b a a a a a a a a a a a a c c c c a c a d c c c c c c c c c c c a c c c c c c c c c a a c c a c a c c c c a c c d a a a a d a e c e c c c a a a a a a e e e c a c e a e a e c a d d e a e e c a a e a d a e e e d a b d e e b d e c d a b b d e d d a e e d a d d e d d e a d d d d e e a e e d d d d d d e c c d d d d e e e b c e e a c c e a c c e b c c a c c b c e c c e d c c c c c c c e c c c c c c c c c c c e c c c c c c c c c b c c c c b b c c c c d c b c a a b a a a a a a a d a a a a a a a d d a a a a a a a a a d a a a a a a a a a a a a d a a a a a a a a c d b a a a a c a a c a a b a a a a a a a a a a a c a a a a a a a a a d d d a d d d d d d d d c e c e d d a e c d d d d d d d d d c d e c d d d d d d d d d d c d d d c e d c a c d d a b b X b c b c d d c d d b a c e c c c b d d d d d e c e d c c c c c c e c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c b c c c c c a a a a a d d d d e a b b a a e d a e b a d a d a b d e a a b d a a b e d e a d a a b e e e e e b c c e e e e e e b e e e e b c e b e e a e e e b a b b c c d c d e e e d e b b b b b a a c b b b b b b b b b a b b b b b b b c b b b b b b e b b c a b b b c b b a c a a a c a a b a a a a a a a a d c e c c a d d a a c a a b c c a a d a a a a a a b c d a a a a a a d b a a a a a a a a c a a d d d a c b a d d c c d c d b b b a d c d a a d d d d d a d d a d d d d d d a a d a d d d d d d d d c a a d d a d d a a a d d a d 24 24 28 27 27 20 16 19 16 21 22 26 28 29 22 24 22 23 15 18 18 21 26 21 29 21 25 17 18 16 13 20 19 10 15 23 22 24 25 17 19 21 22 0.70 0.70 1.65 1.41 1.41 0.26 1.21 0.50 1.21 0.02 0.22 1.17 1.65 1.89 0.22 0.70 0.22 0.46 1.45 0.73 0.73 0.02 1.17 0.02 1.89 0.02 0.94 0.97 0.73 1.21 1.93 0.26 0.50 2.64 1.45 0.46 0.22 0.70 0.94 0.97 0.50 0.02 0.22 4069799 5060958 5060993 5061002 50618 506414 506438 506505 506632 506639 5066482 5066488 5066490 5066493 506650 506653 506654 506656 506935 506936 506938 506940 5069412 5069417 5069422 5069423 506943 506968 506969 506971 506972 5069730 5069734 5069735 5069781 5069782 5069788 506979 506980 507 606093 606399 606404 b c d b d d b a d b a a d d d d d d d a d e e b d e b d b b a a d b d d d e d d a c d a a a a a a a a a a a a c a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b a a b e c e c c c c e e e c e e c c a c b b c e e c b b c c c e e c e e c c e e e e e e e c c e e e e c c c c c e c e e c c e e e c e c c c c c c e c c e c e e e e c e c c e c d b d d d d c b e d d d d d d d d d d d d c e e d d a b d d d d b d e d b d d d d d e b a b a b d b d b b d b d d d b b d e b e d b e b b e b e b b e e d d d e b c b e e b e b b b b b b b b b c b b d b b e d d b b b b b d b b b d b e b d d b b b b b e b b b c c c c c c c c c c a c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c b c b e b c e e e c b e b e b e d c b e a e b e b a c e e b b a b b a e b b e e b d b a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a c a a a a a a a a a a a a a a c a a a a a a a d e d d d d d d d d b e a d d d d d d d d d d d d d a d d d d d d a d a d e e d e e d b b b b b e e d b e b e a e e b b b b b b e b d b a e a e b b e b e d e e b e b b e b b b b b a b b a b a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b a a a b c b b c b e a b a b b b b e e d e c e a e e d e d d e e a e c e e d e a e e e e d e e d e e e a e e d e d e e e e a d d b b d a d d c a d d d a d a e b a e d d d e a d d d d d d d a e d d d b e c e b e b b b d e d b a b d b b e a b a a a b e e b b e a b b b b b b e b a a e d b a b b a a a a a a a a a e a a a a a a a d a a a a a a a a d a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a c e c b c c c c c c a c c c c a c a e c c a c a a a c a c c c a c a a c a c a c c c c a a a c a d a a a a a e c c e a d a e a c a a e a a a c e c a a a d a c d a e e c e a e c d d e e a d d d a a b c a c e d e d b b e e d b c d d e b e d e b d d d e d e b d c c b b d c a b b e c d e d e c c b c e e c e c e c a c c c a e d c b c d d e e b c d c c c c c e c c c c c d c c c c c c c c c e c c c c c b c c c c c d c c c c c d c c c a a d a d a b a a a d b a c a d a a a a a d a a b a a a a a d d a a a a b a a a a a d a a b a c a a a a a a a c a a a a a a a a a b d a a a a a a a b a a a b a a a b a c a e d d d d d e b d e d a d e d d d d c d d d d d e d a a e d d d d a d d c c e d d c d d d c d e a c e e c c e d d d c c e d d e d d c e c d d c d a c d d d d c c c c d a c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c e c c c c e c c c c a a e b a a d d a a a d d a a a a a a a a e a d a d a a a a b d a d b d a d b d c d b c e e e b d e b e e d d c e b c b b e e c e e e e e b e d c e c e e c b b e b b e b e b a b b c e b b c b d b b a c d d c b b b b d a b a d b c b b d b d b b b b b b b b e a e d a a a a e a c a a d a a a a c b a a a d a a a a a a a a c a a a a a c d c d b a a a a a b a b e a e d a a a a d b e e a e a a a a c c a d a a e a d d a e d d a a d c c d d a d d d d b d d a b d d a d d d d d d d d d a d d d b d a a d d d d d a d a e c 24 22 24 25 21 19 19 18 27 21 19 16 21 24 23 20 23 18 20 26 23 19 24 19 26 19 17 23 18 28 24 15 29 15 20 19 20 24 14 21 22 15 25 0.70 0.22 0.70 0.94 0.02 0.50 0.50 0.73 1.41 0.02 0.50 1.21 0.02 0.70 0.46 0.26 0.46 0.73 0.26 1.17 0.46 0.50 0.70 0.50 1.17 0.50 0.97 0.46 0.73 1.65 0.70 1.45 1.89 1.45 0.26 0.50 0.26 0.70 1.69 0.02 0.22 1.45 0.94 6064382 6066489 606649 606653 606654 6066587 6066588 606751 606938 606940 6069430 6069433 6069440 6069444 606969 6069711 6069715 6069720 6069724 606973 606979 607042 706103 706395 706639 706651 706934 7069360 7069362 7069375 7069377 706939 7069403 7069405 706941 706968 706969 706978 706979 7069804 7069807 806103 806377 e d b d d a b b d d a e b a c d d c a d d d d d d d a e e d a b a d b d c b b a d a d a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b a a a a a a b a a a a a a a a a a a a a d a a a a e c c e e c c c e c e e e c e e e e e c c c e e e e e e b e b b b e e c X c c e e e b d e e d c c c c d c e c c c c c c b d c e c e c e e e e c e c e c e e e c c c a e c e d d d d d d d d b d d b d b b d b d b b d d d b d b d d d d d d d d d d d d c d b d d b e d e b c d b e b e d b b d e e d e e a e e b b d c d e e b b b e d d d b d b e b b b b b b d b b b b d d b b b e b b d b b b b b d b b b b b b d b d b d b b b b e d b b c c c c c c c c c d c c c c c c c c b c c c c c c c c c c c c a c c b c c c b c c c c b c b d b a d e e e a e e a e a c b e b c c b b e e e b d c c e b e e b e e d a c b d a a a e a a a a d a a a a a b d a a b a a a a a a a a a a a c a a a c a a a a b a a a d d d d a c d a d d d d d a a d d e d e e e a c d d d b d d d d d d d d e a e d d a a d e b d e e e a e e e e b b e b b e e b e b b a e e e e b e a a b e b b b a e e e b a b b b b b a b b a a a b a b b b b a a b b a a b b b b b b b b b a b b b b a c b a b b e e e e d e e e d e e e d e c a d e c e d e e e b c e e b e e e e d e e d e e e a e d d a e d a c e a e d b c d d d a a c d d d a d c c a e d a d a d d e a d a d d c e c d b e b e a b a b e a a b b b a a e d b a b a a a e b a e e a b a e b e b d b e d a b e a a a a a a a a a a a a a b a a b a c a b a a a a b a a a a a a a a a a a a b b a a a a c c a c a c c c e c a e c a e c e c a c c c c c a c c d a a c c c b c c c b a c c c a a a a e c a e d e a c c c d e e d c c a c c e c c c a a c a e c a e a c c e e a c c d e a d e e e d e d b e b e c b e e e d d e b d e a d e e d e b d a e d c e c e d d e c e b e c b e a c e c c c d c c c c c e d c d c b d d c b c e c e d e c b d e c d d d c c c c a c c c d c c c c c c c c c b c c c c c c e c c c b c c e c c c c c c c e c b a a a a a a a a a a a a a a d a a a d a d a a d a d a a a a a a a a a a a a d a a a a a a a b a a a a b a a a a a d a a e c a a b c a a e a a a a e a a b a a a a b a a a a d e c d d d d d e c e d d e e d d e b e c d d e e d d d d d d d d d e d d d e c c d d d d d e e d c d d e c d e d c c a d e a e e d c c c a c c d c c c e b c a c d e e d d c c c c c c c c c e c c c c c c c c c b c c c c c c c c c e c c c e c c b c c c c c c d a a a b a a a d b d a b a a d a a e a e a b a b a a a a a a a d a d a a b a d d a a c e e e d b e d b d e e e b e e b d d e e e a c b e e e e e a e b e e e e c b e e e b b c b b a a b b b b b b a b b a b b c b c b b a b c a b b b b a b b b b b b d a b b b a a a a d a a a c a d a a a d a a a c a c a c d a a a d a a c b a d d a a a c a a a c a d a a d a c c d d a a d a d a a a b a c a a a a c c a a a a e d a a c a d a a a a a a d a d b d d a a d d d d d a a d d b d d c a d d d d d d d a c d b d d a d d a d d d 25 22 24 23 17 20 22 23 12 17 18 24 22 24 12 20 22 16 9 23 18 22 22 19 20 18 23 23 23 24 19 18 22 21 17 27 21 22 11 15 19 30 22 0.94 0.22 0.70 0.46 0.97 0.26 0.22 0.46 2.16 0.97 0.73 0.70 0.22 0.70 2.16 0.26 0.22 1.21 2.88 0.46 0.73 0.22 0.22 0.50 0.26 0.73 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.70 0.50 0.73 0.22 0.02 0.97 1.41 0.02 0.22 2.40 1.45 0.50 2.13 0.22 806378 806393 806545 806630 806632 806638 806657 806659 806701 806878 806935 806936 806938 806944 806969 806974 806978 806979 905938 906632 906635 906638 906654 906657 906658 906659 906660 906936 906937 906939 9069400 9069405 906941 9069420 9069421 9069685 9069687 906969 906970 906974 9069755 9069756 906976 d d d d b a b d d b d b b d b e d a e b d d a d a b a d d d a b d b d d b c d b e b e a a a a a a a a a a a d a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b a a a a a a a a a a a a e c c c e c e c e b e c e c b e e c e c c e b e c b c e c c e b c e e b e e c b c b b c c c c e c c e e c c e e c e c e e d e c c e e e c e e d e c c c d c c c e c e c c e d d d d d d d d d a d d d d d b d b c b d b b b b d b d d d d d d d b b d e d b d d b d b e b b d b b b e d e e d d d d b b d d e d d b b d d b b e a b e c e d b d d d d d b b b b b d b e b c b b b b d b b b e b b a b b b b e b b b b b b b b d a d b e b d b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c b c c c e b b e e b e b e a e e e d e e d e e d a a b d b b d b d e e e d a d d b e e b e c c a a a c a a a a a a a a c a a a a a a a a b a a a a a a a a a a a a d b a a a e a a a d d a d d d d d d d e c e a d d b d d d d d d d d a d d d d a a d a d d d d b d e e b b b e e b b b d e b b e e e e d b e b d e a b d e e b b e a b a e b e b b b b a b e b b b b b b b b b b b a a a a b a b b e b b a b b e b b a b b c b a a b b a b a b b b e e e e e d e e e d e e e d e e e e d a e e c e e a e e d e e e e e e b e e e e e e e d d b d b c d d d d d d d e d e e a a d d d a a e d d e a b d d d d a d d d d d d e d b b b b d e e b b b b b b b d b e b b b b b a b b d d d a e b b b a a a a a a b d a e a a a a a a a a a a a a a a e a a a a d a a a a a a a a a a d a a a a a a a a a a a a c c c c c c c c c e c c c c c c b c a a c c a c a e c c c c a c c c a c d c c a a c a a a c c a a c c e a c a e c a a e a b a a e c e d c e a e e c a c a d d a e a d c e e e d d e c d e a d c e d e d e e e d d e b b d c d b e e d e a e b b d c e d c c a c c e d e b d b a e d b e d d c e c c d c c c d c c c c a b c d c c d c c d c c e e c X e c c c c c d c c c c e c c e c c c c e c c c c c b c a c c c e c c c c d c c c e c c d a a a a a a a a a d a a a d d d a a b d a a b a a d d d a a d a a a a a a a a a a a d a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b a a e a a a a a a b a a a b a a a a a a a a e a a a d d d d a d d d d c d d a d d e a d e c c d d d d d d a d d c d e d d c d c d d d d d d c e c d d b c c c d d d b e a c c c c d d c e c d d c a d c e d a d b e d d c e e c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c e c b c c c c c c c c c c c c e c c c c c c c d d d b a d a a b b a a d a d a d a d b a b b a d a b a b a a a d d b d a a b e a b a e e e e e b e e e c e e e e b e e e b c e e c e c b b c e d e e e c a e e e e c d e b b a b b b b b c b d b c b b b b a b b b b b b b b b a c c b b b c b b c b a a b b a b a d c a a c d d a a a a b a d a a b c c a d a a a d c a c d a a a a a a a d b c a d a e a a a a a a a a b a d c a a d e a a c a d e d c c d a a a c e a c a a c d b a c a b e d d d d d d c d e d d d d d c d d c a d a a a d d a d a d d a d a d d d d d a a a a 24 27 26 26 24 20 27 23 28 14 28 23 20 20 15 20 16 25 15 12 25 22 13 24 18 20 12 21 21 23 18 22 25 19 22 16 22 21 23 13 19 17 14 0.70 1.41 1.17 1.17 0.70 0.26 1.41 0.46 1.65 1.69 1.65 0.46 0.26 0.26 1.45 0.26 1.21 0.94 1.45 2.16 0.94 0.22 1.93 0.70 0.73 0.26 2.16 0.02 0.02 0.46 0.73 0.22 0.94 0.50 0.22 1.21 0.22 0.02 0.46 1.93 0.50 0.97 1.69 906977 9069781 9069785 e d d a a a c c a e e e d b d a b d b b c c c c a d d c a a d d d b b c d b b e e e d d d b b b a a a c c c a a c e d d d e e c c d a a a a a b d d d d c a c c c e a e e e b b b c a e a c a b a d a 22 26 18 0.22 1.17 0.73 Now that you know your z-score, you can look at Table 2 below to get a rough idea of your grade. The grade equivalents are determined by "curving" (see the syllabus for more information on this). TABLE 2: Z-SCORES ON EXAM 1, PERCENT OF STUDENTS ACHIEVING THEM, AND ROUGH GRADE EQUIVALENTS Z SCORE Percent Cumulative Percent .4 .8 1.2 3.2 5.2 6.8 11.6 15.6 18.8 26.4 33.6 40.4 49.2 61.6 70.4 79.6 85.6 90.4 94.8 97.6 99.2 100.0 ROUGH Grade Equivalent F F DD D/D+ D+ CC/CC C+ C+/BB-/B B B+ B+/AAA-/A A A A A A -2.88010 -2.64160 -2.40310 -2.16460 -1.92611 -1.68761 -1.44911 -1.21061 -.97212 -.73362 -.49512 -.25662 -.01813 .22037 .45887 .69737 .93586 1.17436 1.41286 1.65136 1.88985 2.12835 .4 .4 .4 2.0 2.0 1.6 4.8 4.0 3.2 7.6 7.2 6.8 8.8 12.4 8.8 9.2 6.0 4.8 4.4 2.8 1.6 .8 This is a histogram of the z-scores on Exam 1. As with any set of z-scores, the distribution is normal, the mean is 0, and the standard deviation is 1. So a negative z-score is below the mean and a positive z-score is above the mean. The magnitude of your z-score tells you how many standard deviations from the mean your score lies. 40 30 Frequency 20 10 0 -3.00000 -2.00000 -1.00000 0.00000 1.00000 2.00000 3.00000 Z score Finally, on the next page is a copy of the exam with the correct answer to each question marked in red. 1. If you measured the brain function of a native Kenyan and a native Russian, you'd be most likely to find differences when you compared their... A. left brains rather than their right brains. B. their frontal lobes rather than their cerebellums. C. their "where pathways" rather than their "what pathways" D. A and B E. A, B, and C 2. Echoic memory is to iconic memory as... A. audition is to vision. B. long term memory is to sensory memory. C. event is to symbol. D. working memory is to visual memory. E. sound is to echoic. 3. Last week, the Associated Press reported on a woman who remembers everything that has ever happened to her. You name the date and she can tell you precisely what she was doing that day She says the memories are "nonstop, uncontrollable and totally exhausting. Most have called it a gift, but I call it a burden. I run my entire life through my head every day and it drives me crazy!" This woman is probably suffering from... A. transfer-apporpriate processing B. hippocampal damage C. episodic overflow D. transience E. persistence 4. You believe that when people are happy they behave more altruistically, so you design an experiment to test this hypothesis. You manipulate happiness, measure altruism, and hope that the dependent and independent variables... A. are reliable B. are powerful C. will prove to be correlated D. A and B E. A, B, and C Why not A and B, or D? Because only dependent variables and not independent variables have power and reliability. 5. ___ is determined in part by external stimuli and in part by our theories of the world. A. Sensation B. Perception C. Memory D. B and C E. A, B, and C 6. One reason why evolution designed rats so that they don't learn associations too quickly is that... A. associations that are learned too quickly do not show spontaneous recovery. B. learning an association makes it hard to learn new associations. C. learning an association makes it easy to forget old associations. D. Answers B and C are right but Answer A is wrong. E. Answers A and B are right but Answer C is wrong. 7. If four first-years, two juniors, and two seniors have a party, which of the following statements is true about the distribution of their class-standings? A. The mode is junior. B. The median is sophomore. C. The mean is first-year. D. The median is higher than either the mean or the mode. E. The distribution is normal. 8. A college student might not be able to remember her 16th birthday party if she... A. sustained an injury when she was 10 years old that left her with retrograde amnesia. B. sustained an injury yesterday that left her with anterograde amnesia. C. sustained an injury last week that left her with retrograde amnesia. D. had Broca's aphasia. E. were primed with a word that sounded like "birthday." 9. One of the reasons why the word "cat" primes the word "bat" is... A. that the brain uses massive parallelism. B. that the brain uses distributed representation. C. given by the encoding specificity principle. D. A, B, and C E. None of the above 10. The ___ lobe is located ___ the sensory organ that provides it with much of the information it processes. A. occipital / far from B. temporal / far from C. temporal / on the opposite side of D. occipital / in front of E. both A and D 11. I ask you "What does tomato mean?" and I ask your friend "What rhymes with tomato?" Your memory for this word will probably be better than your friend's memory... A. if the next day I ask both of you, "What word did I say yesterday?" B. if the next day I ask both of you, "What word did I say yesterday that rhymes with potato?" C. in most cases. D. A and C E. A, B, and C 12. There is really no point in doing an experiment unless... A. you use random sampling. B. you ensure its internal validity. C. you ensure its external validity. D. the independent variable is both valid and reliable. E. All of the above 13. You want your 2 year old niece to learn to say "Please" whenever she asks for something. Research on reinforcement suggests that that you should... A. reward her every time she says "please." B. reward her once in a while when she says "please." C. punish her when she doesn't say please instead of rewarding her when she does. D. tell her that you are going to reward her every time she says "please." E. use a secondary reinforcer rather than a prmary reinforcer 14. Which of the following structures is not part of the forebrain? A. Hypothalmus B. Amygdala C. Hippocampus D. A and B E. All of these are part of the forebrain 15. Which of the "pillars of modern psychology" is the most ancient? A. Evolution B. Materialism C. Idealism D. Empiricism E. Nativism The correct answer is D, but we decided the question could be easily misinterpreted and thus allowed A as well. 16. Your roommate often borrows your clothes without asking. You decide to teach him/her a lesson by hiding his/her i-Pod. You are using... A. negative reinforcement B. negative punishment C. positive reinforcement D. positive punishment E. A and D 17. Which of the following phenomena does not provide evidence for the claim that "the brain makes stuff up?" A. the "just noticeable difference" B. phonemic restoration C. "seeing" objects in the retinal blind spot D. the fact that dieters remember being heavier than they actually were E. the Ames Room illusion 18. The notion that errors and illusions reveal important truths about the mind was critical to... A. psychoanalytic theory B. behaviorism C. Gestalt psychology D. humanism E. evolutionary psychology 19. Women live somewhat longer than men. But we cannot say that gender causes longevity because... A. we cannot use the method of holding constant. B. the gender of the experimenter will always bias his or her measurements. C. we cannot randomly assign people to be male or female. D. the measures of these variables are neither reliable nor powerful. E. gender and longevity covary. By mistake, this question has two correct answers. 20. An experimenter consistently pairs a light with food on many trials. A rat learns the association between the light and food and soon salivates when it sees the light alone. Next, the experimenter consistently pairs a tone with the light and the food on many trials. The rat does not learn the association between the tone and the food and does not salivate when it hears the tone alone. This episode is an example of... A. latent inhibition B. blocking C. classical conditioning D. B and C E. A and C 21. When researchers say that a result of an experiment is "statistically significant" they are talking about... A. the odds that the third variable problem is still a problem B. the odds that random assignment failed. C. the odds that the participants in the sample are representative of the population from which they were drawn. D. A and B E. A, B, and C 22. These are two sound waves. The wave on the left will be experienced as ____ than the wave on the right. A. louder B. softer C. lower pitched D. higher pitched E. B and C 23. One day Pavlov's dogs began to salivate when they heard the footsteps of the person who fed them. They began to jiggle in their harnesses and whine because they were so excited. Then the person who fed them opened the door, came in to the room, and gave the dogs some yummy food. Then they all lived happily ever after. Which of the following is false? A. Salivation is a conditioned response to food. B. Food probably causes the release of dopamine. C. The connection between food and salivation could be described as an S-R circuit. D. The law of effect suggests that the dogs will probably jiggle and whine next time they get hungry. E. If the assistant stopped feeding the dogs, they would eventually stop salivating when they heard his footsteps. 24. In this is a detail from Michelangelo's mural, "Creation of Adam," God is just about to touch Adam's finger and give him life. If this were a diagram of neural transmission, what labels would you attach to each of the numbers? A. 1 = synapse, 2 = dendrite, 3 = axon B. 1 = synapse, 2 = axon, 3 = dendrite C. 1 = synaptic gap, 2 = first axon terminal, 3 = second axon terminal D. 1 = interneuron, 2 = sensory neuron, 3 = motor neuron E. 1 = synapse, 2 = pre-synaptic neuron, 3 = post-synaptic neuron 25. Henry startles when he hears a sudden, loud sound. It is very likely that... A. Sometime in Henry's past, a loud sound was regularly paired with some stimulus that elicited a startle response. B. this is an instance of operant conditioning. C. Henry is a human being. D. the loud sound is a UCS. E. None of the above 26. Which of the following was not one of the reasons why Behaviorism declined? A. it ignored the "biological preparedness" of organisms B. it ignored mental phenomena C. the advent of the computer D. the change from structuralism to functionalism E. None of the above 27. If you learned to paint beautiful portraits by holding the paintbrush with your toes, we would expect to see... A. a decrease in the amount of somatosensory cortex that is associated with your toes. B. a decrease in the amount of motor cortex that is associated with your toes. C. an increase in the amount of motor cortex that is associated with your toes. D. A and B E. A and C 28. A professor decides to memorize the names of every student in his class. He starts at the beginning of the class list and memorizes the names in alphabetical order. A week later he finds he cannot remember the names starting with Z nearly as well as he can remember the names starting with A. This is an example of... A. proactive interference. B. long term potentiation C. priming D. the Ebbinghaus forgetting curve E. the encoding specificity principle 29. The intensity of a magnetic field is measured in Gilberts. (Really. I'm not making this up). If human beings could perceive the intensity of the Earth's magnetic field as birds do, then which of the following statements would almost surely be true? A. Between 25% and 50% of the cortex would be dedicated to processing information about magnetic fields. B. A person would be more likely to detect a change of 1 Gilbert to a low intensity field than to a high intensity field. C. The intensity of the earth's magnetic field is not the same at all places and times. D. A and B E. B and C 30. Which of the following does not characterize short term memory? A. Requires attention to get information in. B. Relies on the hippocampus more than the prefrontal cortex. C. Contains information of which we are consciously aware. D. Requires rehearsal to keep information in E. Has limited capacity. 31. The relationship of the peripheral nervous system to the somatic nervous system is the same as the relationship of ____ to _____. A. sensory memory / iconic memory B. the resting potential / the action potential C. the brain / the body D. the parasympathetic nervous system / the autonomic nervous system E. dopamine / GABA 32. External validity is to internal validity as... A. generalization is to causation. B. the laboratory is to the real world C. correlation is to causation. D. representative variables are to representative subjects E. holding constant is to random assignment. 33. ____ occurs when your brain detects a difference between the retinal information ____. A. binocular disparity / provided at one time by two different eyes B. motion parallax / provided at two different times by one eye C. motion parallax / provided at one time by two different eyes D. A and B E. B and C ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/18/2008 for the course PSYCH 1 taught by Professor Gilbert during the Spring '08 term at Harvard.

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