112816-12516-Post-PeloponnesianWar

112816-12516-Post-PeloponnesianWar - Immediate Results of...

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Immediate Results of Peloponnesian War Long walls of Piraeus are pulled down Athens is forced to give up its overseas empire Sparta takes the Athenian fleet All want to treat Athens differently Thebans want to burn Athens to the ground Sell all Athenians into slavery Spartans ultimately says it’s too severe to treat Athens like this Sparta is worrying about Thebes and Boeotia Athens is cut off from its principle source of grain Lysander recalls all exiled parties to Athens Lysander takes all public funds from treasury and sends it back to Sparta Sparta Money is flowing into society Corruption Gylippus is known to have stolen money and tucked it under his roof tiles Dealing with social issues, like hierarchy Lysander and the Spartans change the form of government 404-403: Spartan imposed regime Install a council of 30, known as the “30 Tyrants” Incredibly sympathetic to Sparta A division between 2 prominent figureheads 10 for Theramenes - moderate oligarch 20 for Critias - violent oligarch Get rid of assembly Narrow requirement for citizenship Roughly 3000 eligible of 21,000 Had to be a hoplite to participate in government - excludes rowers Now a Spartan garrison on the Acropolis New Boule of 500 extreme oligarchs Judicial powers Putting Athenians to death Seizing private property At one point, all but the 3000 were prohibited from entering the city The class of wealthy medics was targeted (Lysias was one) Theramenes is put to death by Critias and extremist oligarchs Worried that there might be a resistance Thrasyboulos is involved Wealthy statesman and general In 403, gets together a body of 70 angry democratic exiles Flee outside of city-proper, and organize at a place north of Athens at Phyle Metics start joining 30 tries to send out troops to stop them, but do not prevail Ranks of the resistance swells Spring of 403, march to Piraeus and make war against the oligarchs Critias is killed Sparta also marches into Athens to fight with the democrats
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Ultimately, King Pausanias realizes this is an internal struggle, and negotiates with Thrasyboulos Agree to the first recorded amnesty No punishment for people on either side of this
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