12516-Macedon - General Macedonian Information Macedon was...

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General Macedonian Information Macedon was a land of rough mountains and lowland valleys Macedon is bordered by several aggressive states Macedonian population was vulnerable because citizens lived in small villages Unstable because of external reasons To the south is Thessaly, to the East is Thrace, also the Chalcidian League, north is Paeonia, and to the west is Illyria and Epirus Rich in timber and precious metals like gold and silver Politics Considered an ethnos - no polis based system Monarchy ruled by king King granted land Controlled foreign policy Decided who his male successor would be Could choose any son of any wife King needed the support of the most powerful aristocratic families, and these leaders counted as his social equals Would control masses of people Spent most of their lives among Macedonian nobility Kings would always try to maintain the nobility while also controlling threats to border A few larger settlements in the interior of Macedon, which were dynastic centers with little civic duties Most macedonians were farmers who owed their loyalty to local aristocrats In war, king would fight alongside aristocratic nobles Had their own northwestern dialect of Greek Most Greeks had trouble understanding Members of the elite, however, would learn how to speak Greek Neither the Macedonians nor the greeks considered Macedonians to be Greek Persian War King Alexander I lead troops with Persia against Greeks 5th century expansion of Macedon Macedonian had become a cultural capital Became focus of social life of Macedonian aristocracy Macedon in 400-359 Period of great instability Eight different Macedonian kings Constant turnover In 359, the king Perdiccas III is killed along 4000 Macedonians, many of whom were aristocrats Macedon’s hostile neighbors took advantage and prepared invasions Philip II in power Comes to power in 359 Was the sole surviving adult Argead king
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