MidtermReview - Minoans(1700 1500 BCE Crete Linear A...

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Minoans (1700 - 1500 BCE) Crete Linear A Palaces (magazines Redistributive economy Pull in resources from surrounding area Trading across Mediterranean Linear A writing system Mostly in clay tablets for record keeping Knossos: largest of palaces Collapse: abrupt end, but don’t know the exact cause Mycenaeans (1600-1200 BCE) Very widespread Spoke Greek Mainland civ Mycenae Massive bronze age city Palace, magazines, workshops, grace circles and granaries. Paranoid about an attack, had deep cistern and walls. Tholos: beehive tombs Linear B writing system Mingle w/ Minoans and ultimately prevail Hierarchy Wanax: king Lawegetas: commander of army Priests and priestesses Geronsia: local councils, pasireu Doerai and Doeroi: serfs and slaves Big traders Collapse beginning in 1200 BCE By 1100 BCE all centers are gone Migrations to the rural areas Dark Ages (110-800 BCE) Deskilling and loss of writing Society Oikos: Family unit Kleros: Farmland
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Basileis: local political and military chief (Agamemnon, Nestor and Odysseus.) Women had more respect and freedom Thetes: hired workers Slavery Existed as a byproduct of raids and pillages Preferred to enslave non-greeks. No wide scale breeding of slaves. Material Culture Clay is poorly prepared Smaller vessels 800 BCE: Revival of pre-Dark Age culture. Homer Comes at the end of the Dark Age. Sparta Messenian Wars First War (730 BCE) Turn all Messenians into Helots, who are slaves Gov’t gives Helots and kleros to every Spartan baby Second War (685 BCE) Helots revolt, shows perils of what they’ve created Response: train all Spartans to be hoplites Lykourgos (8th / 7th century)
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