Lecture 12 Slides

Lecture 12 Slides - Pre-Midterm Review Session Weds, Oct 3,...

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Pre-Midterm Review Session • Weds, Oct 3, 2007 at 6PM • Hasbrouck 126 • Come prepared with specific questions based on the lectures and readings
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Lecture 12 Lecture 12 The animal rights movement Ethics and politics of using animals for research and for food
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An opposing view: Animal Rights vs. Human Responsibilities • Animals lack reason and moral judgment and thus cannot enter into social contracts. • Humans have responsibilities to animals - to spare them unecessary pain and distress - but this does not mean they have rights.
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Humans, like all primates, are Omnivores • Our digestive enzymes and metabolism have evolved to derive nutrition from meat • We find meat, and particularly fatty (as well as sweet) foods, taste good - also through evolution • Through our evolution cooperative hunters were at a selective advantage, which probably affected our social structure and language skills
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Use of Animals for Food • “Somewhere between 4-5 billion animals are raised and slaughtered for food every year, just in the United States. The reason for this astonishingly high number is simple: there are consumers who eat very large amounts of animal flesh. The supply of animals meets the demand of buyers.” -T Regan • It is possible to meet nutritional needs without eating animals, although care must be taken to prevent malnutrition while practicing vegetarianism. • It is still more difficult to maintain nutritional health on a vegan diet, but possible for adults.
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MIAMI — A vegan couple who kept their five children on a strict raw-foods diet was cleared of aggravated manslaughter Monday for the death of their 6-month-old baby, but convicted of four counts of child neglect. A Miami jury rendered their verdict after less than 90 minutes of deliberation in the trial of Joseph and Lamoy Andressohn, who were accused of feeding their children an inadequate diet of raw fruits and vegetables in spite of signs that they appeared malnourished and underweight. The four counts of neglect relate to the Andressohns' oldest surviving children, ages 4 to 9, who on average weighed less than 97 percent of other children their ages, according to prosecution testimony, when 6-month-old baby Woyah died on May 15, 2003. The infant weighed less than 7 pounds and was 22 inches long when she died, less than half the average for children her age, according to prosecution medical experts. CNN 11/8/05
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What else differs between these countries? Other foods Genetics Exercise Which meats are eaten
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Temple Grandin Professor of Animal Science, CSU Autism: perspective on livestock behavior? “Thinking in pictures” Reformed practices for commercial livestock management • Understand the flight zone, leader instinct, visual field, stress triggers and responses of pigs and cattle • Use curved chutes in corrals and sorters, level substrates, gently graded ramps • Use low stress restraint with angled rubber louvers that prevent animal from seeing people and non-slip
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This note was uploaded on 05/18/2008 for the course BIO 105 taught by Professor Adler,irschick,podos during the Fall '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Lecture 12 Slides - Pre-Midterm Review Session Weds, Oct 3,...

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