Abnormal Psychology

Abnormal Psychology - Psychology 350 Spring 2006 Exam 1...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 6
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 8
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 10
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Psychology 350 Spring 2006 Exam 1 Form 02 Name Student ID Dr. David Holmes ATTENTION: Please put your NAME & ID NUMBER in the appropriate boxes on your Scantron and fill out the BUBBLES for your name and ID number. Place the number of your form in the box marked CODE on your Scantron. SCANTRONS that do not have names and ID numbers both printed and bubbled in will be disregarded. **Note_ that cheating will result in a failing grade in the course. Furthermore, talking during the exam, not covering an answer. sheet with the test booklet, sitting next to a student with the same form of the exam, or any other behavior that could contribute to sharing of answers will result in substantial reductions in points.** 1. What was Freud’s method of finding the hidden causes of psychological problems? a. Repression b. Psychosexual development c. Catharsis d. Free association 2. In the , a young boy is said to fall in love with his mother. He then develops ' because he fears his father. _ V a. Phallic stage; castration anxiety b. Anal stage; penis envy c. Latency stage; castration anxiety d Genital stage; penis envy 3. What was the cause of Emma Eckstein's bloody nose? a. She was sexually attracted to Freud. b. She had a botched nose operation. C. She was repeatedly hit in the nose. d None of the above. ' 4. proposed that mental disorders were due to interpersonal problems and that men had “breast envy." _ . a. Adler b. Freud c. Horney d Breuer 5. Who is thought to be the forefather of classical conditioning? a. Freud b. Pavlov c. Skinner (1. Holmes 6. Therapy based on extinction and changing behavior directly is called a. Cognitive-behavior therapy b. operant conditioning 0. Behavior therapy d. Free association 7. The children at a local preschool were learning about healthy lifestyles. Their teacher wanted them to remember to wash their hands after using the bathroom. She decided to reward them with one piece of candy every time they washed their hands. What would make the effects of the teachers’ strategy last longer? a. Reward the children on a fixed schedule of rewards. b. The use of classical conditioning 0. Always punishing the children if they did not wash their hands d. Giving candy on a variable schedule 8. What would cause extinction in the experiment described in the preceding question? Not allowing the children to wash their hands. Not rewarding the children after they washed their hands. Nothing, extinction does not exist. Rewarding the children on a random schedule. 9“." 9‘!” Page 1 9. Who was the psychologist who overcame his shyness toward women by forcing himself to talk to different women over the course of one month? a. Alex Ellis b. Aaron Beck 0. David Holmes d. Josef Breuer 10. What did Hippocrates say was the cause of abnormal behaviors? ' a. Imbalances in the humors in the body. b. “Short-circuits” in the brain. 0. Bad blood circulation. d. Bad spirits. 11. Which of the following is NOT associated with Sigmund Freud? - a. Psychoanalysis b. Mesmerism ' c. Free association 'd. Anna O. ' 12. Randy is depressed. He incorrectly believes that he is a complete failure in school and that no one likes him. Randy’s therapist hopes to replace his negative beliefs with more realistic beliefs. Randy‘s therapist is using: a. _ Behavior Therapy b. Free association 0. Psychoanalysis d. Cognitive Therapy 13. forms the basis for a popular means of treating individuals with phobias. a. Psychoanalysis - b. Oedipus complex 0. Generalization d. Extinction 14. People who believe that mental disorders result from learning are called: a. Neo-Freudians b. Cognitivists c. Behaviorists d. Existentialists 15. The use of rewards and punishments is effective for treating: a. hallucinations b. delusions c. depression ' d. temper tantrums ’16. When people are feeling depressed, research suggests they are most likely to recall memories that: a. Will cheer them up b. Will distract them from their depressed mood c. Are negative and depressing in nature d. It cannot be predicted. There is not a relationship between mood and memory 17. I Who was responsible for refining what is now called Cognitive—Behavioral Therapy? a. Albert Ellis b. Arron Beck 0. Sigmund Freud d. John B. Watson 18. One potential weakness in the cognitive theory of mental disorders is: a. The theory does not offer anything beyond what the other explanations offer. b. It is not useful for treating mental disorders. c. Incorrect beliefs may be the effect rather than the cause of disorders. d. It does not take early experiences into account. 19. The is a part of the neuron that stimulates other neurons. a._ dendrite b. body c. axon d. synapse Page 2 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. The nerve impulse jumps the synapse: a as a spark because the presynaptic touches the postsynaptic neuron b. .0. via the release of a neurotransmitter d. because of reuptake Some cases of anxiety are thought to be due to a reduced activity of inhibitory neurons high levels of neurotransmitters _ b. c. deterioration of the frontal lobes of the brain d. breakdowns of the axons in the brain When high levels of neurotransmitters cause disorders, the disorders can be treated: a. with lobotomies b. by blocking receptor sites on postsynaptic neurons _ y c. trephination Q d. reducing the production of the neurotransmitters Ultimately, all symptoms of abnormal behavior are the result of: a. Negative experiences b. 0. Physiological changes in the brain d. Incorrect beliefs Conditioning Today it is known that problems with brain structures and neurotransmitters that result in psychiatric disorders are due to: a. genetics and humors b. c. biological traumas and genetics d. trephination and biological traumas incorrect beliefs and repression For some disorders, the best predictor of whether or not a given person will develop the disorder is whether the person has a biological relative who suffered from the disorder. This illustrates the importance of in determining causes of abnormal behavior. a. the psychosexual stages of development b. c. conditioning d. genetics generalization Side effects of drugs result from the fact that drugs a. generally overwhelm the brain b. have placebo effects ' ? change levels of neurotransmitters in more than one area of the brain activate inhibitory neurons in different parts of the brain The approach focuses on the human desire for positive personal development and achievement. Learning b. Family-systems c. Humanistic d. Adlerian proposed that we have five levels of needs ranging from very basic to more human needs. a. Homey b. Adler Ellis ' d. Maslow The Family System Approach focuses on: The genetic heritability of some disorders The therapeutic effect of a stable family life The role of family interaction in the development of abnormal behavior All of the above 9.0.6.» Page 3 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. C? Today, the v is used in the United States. to classify abnormal behaviors: a. 2"d edition of the Diagnostic Checklist of Symptoms b. 4"” edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 0. 10Lb edition of the International Classification of Diseases d. 4‘11 edition of the WAIS-R Which of the following is FALSE with respect to the current diagnostic system? a. It offers clearly defined symptoms for each diagnosis. b. It includes a greater number of disorders. I c. It emphasizes the use of the suspected cause of a disorder in diagnosis. d. It yields diagnostic information on five separate axes. Diagnoses are important because they: , a. provide a description of the symptoms from which individuals suffer. b. outline the causes of specific disorders. specify what treatment should be used for a given individual. increase the number of clients for mental health professionals. In the DSM, Axis I includes and Axis II includes a. Clinical Syndromes; General Medical Conditions General Medical Conditions; Clinical Syndromes Clinical Syndromes; Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation; Global Assessment of Functioning 99.6 Mark is showing a number of abnormal behaviors. He visits 10 different psychologists, each of whom use the same diagnostic system to make his or her diagnosis. Nine of the 10 psychologists diagnose Mark with depression and one diagnoses him with bipolar disorder. Given this information, which of the following is true with respect to the diagnostic system used by these psychologists? a. The diagnostic system shows good reliability. b. The diagnostic system shows poor reliability. c. The diagnostic system shows good validity. d. The diagnostic system shows poor validity. Which of the following techniques for making a diagnosis is the most practical and provides the most valid information? a. observation b. the MMPI-2 c. the TAT d. the Rorschach Q An example of an objective personality test is the , whereas an example of a projective personality test is the . a. TAT; MMPI-Z b. MMPI-Z; Incomplete Sentences Test c. Rorschach; TAT d. MMPI-Z; MMPI-A While looking at a Rorschach card, Mike sees a five-headed dragon wearing a thong. No one else can see that in the card. Mike’s response will probably be scored as: a. color shock b. F+ c. C- d F- The idea that individuals often attribute their own personality characteristics and feelings to other people and/or stimuli is the basis for: a. projective personality tests b. c. objective personality tests d. unstructured interviews neuropsychological tests Page 4 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. Porn» Which of the following tests provides the best assessment of mental retardation? a. MRI b. ' WAIS-R c. MMPI-2 d. PET scan Linda was in a car accident and now suffers from a brain injury. To determine the level of cognitive impairment that Linda is experiencing as a result of her injury, her psychologist will most likely administer: a. neuropsychological tests b. a Rorschach c. the MMPI-2 d. an electroencephalograph (EEG) intelligence is based on an individual’s ability to explain similarities and do arithmetic, whereas - ' intelligence is based on an individual’s ability to put a puzzle together and arrange blocks to match a design. a. Performance; verbal b. Verbal; performance 0. Fluid; crystallized d. General; crystallized When using the results of diagnostic tests to predict an individual's behavior, it has been shown that the predictions of highly trained mental health professionals are _ predictions based on simple statistical formulas. a. more accurate than b. reliable than 0. less accurate than , d. equally accurate as Which of the following is an example of comorbidity? Susie was mistakenly diagnosed with depression when her true diagnosis is generalized anxiety disorder. Susie was correctly diagnosed with depression and generalized anxiety disorder. Susie and her biological daughter were both correctly diagnosed with depression. Susie and her adopted daughter were both correctly diagnosed with depression. An experimenter believes that spending at least 1 hour per day breathing fresh air prevents depression. The most practical way for the experimenter to test her hypothesis is to use research. a. case study b. experimental c. adoptee _ d. correlational An experimenter believes that the levels of anxiety individuals experience are related to the numbers of siblings they have. The most practical way for the experimenter to test that hypothesis is to use research. a. case study b. experimental c. adoptee g d. correlational A researcher studies 50 depressed individuals to determine the relationship between hours of sleep and severity of depression. She finds that individuals who sleep less score higher on a measure of depression (i.e., have more severe symptoms of depression). Based on this finding, what can the experimenter conclude? a. Hours of sleep and severity of depression are positively correlated. b. Depression reduces sleep. 0. Hours of sleep and severity of depression are negatively correlated. d. Reductions in sleep cause depression. An experimenter designs an experiment to study individuals with OCD. The experiment is designed to determine whether high stress results in more compulsive behaviors than low stress. In this experiment, stress is a(n) variable, and frequency of compulsive behaviors is a(n) variable. a. dependent; independent b. independent; independent 0. dependent; dependent d. independent; dependent Page 5 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. Which of the following is NOT one of the types of research'that can be used to avoid the practical and ethical problems that can arise with controlled experimental research? a. analogue research b. c. quasi-experimental research d. genetic research delayed treatment Quasi-experimental research differs from controlled experimental research because in quasi—experimental research: a. neither the participants nor the raters know which participants are in the treatment condition b. the manipulation of the independent variable is less extreme . 0. participants are not randomly assigned to conditions ' d. the experimenter does not collect pretest data The experimental procedure in which neither the raters nor the participants know which participants are receiving active treatment and which are receiving placebo is termed: a. double blind procedure b. 0. analogue blind procedure d. placebo procedure quasi-experimental procedure Statistical tests are used to: a. assess the reliability of research findings b. determine the clinical significance of research findings c. detect the presence of confounds in an experiment d. All of the above Which of the following is the correct order of structures stimulated when you begin to worry? a. pituitary gland, adrenal glands, hypothalamus b. hypothalamus ,pituitary gland, adrenal glands c. amygdala, hypothalamus, pons d. pons, amygdala, hypothalamus When faced with anxiety, which three chemicals are released into the blood stream? a. cortisol, amylase, glucose b. glucose, norepinephrine, epinephrine c. prolactin, norepinephrin, amylase d. epinephrine, glucose, prolactin Norepinephrine and epinephrine are responsible for: a. increases in heart rate ’0. 0. increases in perspiration d. increases in respiration rate all of the above An increase in physiological arousal: a. Increases psychological symptoms of anxiety. b. Decreases psychological symptoms of anxiety. 0. Creates a up and down swing of psychological symptoms of anxiety. d. Has no effect on the psychological symptoms of anxiety. The hippocampus is responsible for: a. Long-term storage of memories b. 0. Integrating emotions with experiences d. Stimulating high levels of anxiety Reducing the release of cortisol In the case of The Woman Who Goes to Bed Dressed, the woman was suffering from a. Agoraphobia b. Social Phobia c. GAD d. _ Depression Page 6 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. In class, Katie explained how extinction resulted in a reduction of her phobia for vomit, but then mentioned that over time the phobia returned to some degree. That return was the result of: a. a placebo effect b. the failure of the treatment c. spontaneous recovery (1. not being in treatment long enough Jenny is feeling anxious but there does not appear to be any particular cause of her anxiety. Jenny is suffering from a. Agoraphobia b. Generalized Anxiety Disorder 0. Social phobia d. Schizophrenia ' One strategy to reduce anxiety involves taking constructive action to overcome a stressor, this is called: a. coping b. identification 0. repression d. object displacement Defense mechanisms allow a person to: a. take action to overcome a stressor b. _ temporarily avoid the worry that triggers anxiety c. confront difficult problems d. solve the problems he or she faces One theory of why psychological stressors lead to physiological responses is: a. stressors that were faced by early humans required a physiological response for survival b. defense mechanisms are ineffective c. some individuals have biochemical imbalances in the brain d. the release of epinephrine leads to increased glucose production Chronic anxiety may lead to: reduced levels of anxiety when faced with future stressors damage to the hippocampus increased functioning of the immune system to protect the individual deterioration of the hypothalamus C} P‘PP‘P’ Beth has a fear of being in public places because she is afraid that she will panic and then embarrass herself. This fear has led her to avoid public places. According to the DSM, Beth has: a. social phobia b. agoraphobia c. obsessive-compulsive disorder d. generalized anxiety disorder As part of a yearly job performance review, Josh was required to present his work to a group of supervisors. Although Josh was prepared to give his talk, as the time neared he became increasingly anxious about what his supervisors would think of him. Josh became so panicked on the morning of his scheduled talk that he called in sick and stayed home. The diagnosis that best fits Josh is: a. social phobia b. c. agoraphobia d. ‘ panic disorder acute stress disorder Which of the following does NOT provide a possible explanation for phobias? a. classically conditioning b. incorrect beliefs 0. predisposition to fear d. operant conditioning Laquita has never been in an accident while riding on a train. However, she became terrified of riding on a train after watching a television report of a horrible train wreck. Laquita’s fear is a result of: a. generalization b. desensitization c. operant conditioning ' d. vicarious conditioning Page 7 One way to enhance the effects of extinction of a phobia is to pair the feared stimulus with: a pleasurable stimulus an even more feared stimulus a neutral stimulus arguments about the irrationality of the fear 9.0.0”? In his treatment for a frog phobia, a frog is slowly brought closer and closer to Ricardo while he is relaxed. This type of treatment strategy is known as: _ a. vicarious deconditioning b. systematic desensitization : c. cognitive behavior therapy d. projection Some people are more likely to develop phobias because of: a. high levels of activity of inhibitory neurons b. low levels of cortisol c. high levels of physiological arousal d the presence of the serotonin transporter gene Benzodiazapines work to reduce anxiety by: a. increasing the activity of the inhibitory neurons b. causing a greater production of GABA c. increasing the activity of the excitatory neurons d. stimulating the hypothalamus It appears that the crucial element of cognitive-behavior therapy is: a. pointing out the irrationality of the incorrect beliefs b. emotional support from the therapist demonstrating that the phobic belief is incorrect the use of benzodiazepines One physiological factor that can contribute to GAD is enlargement of the: a. hippocampus b. amygdala c. pituitary gland d. adrenal gland Progressive muscle relaxation, meditation and biofeedback training are used less today than previously because: a. research has shown they are not as effective as once thought b. they have many unwanted side effects 0. they have been replaced by drugs d. they are quite costly One disadvantage of biofeedback training is that: it has side effects it results in some cognitive confusion it does not generalize to stressful situations it requires the use of a mantra 999‘!” Which of the following relaxation techniques is associated with the use of a mantra? a. biofeedback training b. progressive muscle relaxation c. massage therapy d. meditation Page 8 77. Svetlana insists on kissing her husband on the left check 43 times each day before she leaves for work. When her ' husband refuses to allow her to kiss him, Svetlana becomes extremely anxious because she believes that something bad will happen, and she is unable to go to work. Svetlana is suffering from: a. panic disorder b. a compulsion c. an obsession d. agoraphobia 78. Compulsions are defined as: a. persistent, anxiety-provoking thoughts b. irrational behaviors that an individual feels he or she must perform over and over 0. general worries an individual has d. irrational fears 79. I In order to be defined as a disorder, compulsions must: a. ' result in marked distress b. I consume more than an hour a day 0. significantly interfere with a person's daily fiinctioning d. all of the above 80. One key element of obsessions is that they are: a. rituals b. irrational c. tics d. phobias 81. One way to reduce 0CD symptoms is to: a. _ increase serotonin levels b. decrease serotonin levels c. increase GABA levels (1 decrease GABA levels 82. The in the brain is where a person evaluates what is going on around him or her and decides how to respond. This structure has been found to be over-reactive in cases of OCD. _ a. amydala b. cingulate gyrus c. orbitalfrontal area d. thalamus 83. In children, OCD is sometimes the result of: a. sexual abuse b. a strep infection 0. food coloring in their diets d. cingulatomies 84. An effective psychological treatment for OCD is: a. cingulotomy b. antidepressant medication (3. exposure and response prevention d. extinction 85. In some people, panic attacks can be brought on by: a. injections of hormones b. inhaling carbon dioxide 0. injections of sodium amythal d inhaling alcohol fumes Q 86. Sodium lactate can cause panic attacks because once it gets into the blood stream, it is converted into: a. serotonin b. norepinephrine c. carbon dioxide Id. cortisol 87. Ming was involved in a tornado six months ago. Although she and her family survived, at the time of the tornado she was worried they would be injured or killed. Since the tornado, Ming has experienced many terrifying _ flashbacks and nightmares. In addition, she finds it difficult to sleep and concentrate. The diagnosis that best fits Ming is: a. PTSD b. panic disorder 0. generalized anxiety disorder d. acute stress disorder Page 9 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. A once-popular treatment for PTSD which has now been found to actually make symptoms worse is: a. antidepressant medication b. relaxation training c. debriefing (1. exposure to the feared stimuli High levels of are related to the development of PTSD in some individuals. a. serotonin b. GABA ' c. norepinephrine d. epinephrine When Jimmy came back from fighting the war in Iraq, he was anxious and depressed, and he was unable to leave . his house. Finally after three weeks his symptoms cleared up. Jimmy would be diagnosed as suffering from what ' disorder? a. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder b. c. Acute Stress Disorder d. Agoraphobia Social Phobia In the case study “Bill's 0CD: Dressing, Doors, and More," what did Bill say was the reason for his rituals? a. They are logical actions to him. b. They protect him from horrible things. c. He just picked them up one day because someone else was doing them. d. He is following orders. Many patients with OCD also suffer from: a. Depression b. c. Schizophrenia d GAD Autism For some extremely serious cases of OCD for which medications are not effective, what is the suggested treatment? a. Laparoscopy b. Cingulotomy c. Appendectomy cl. Lobotomy Dizziness, fainting, sensations of suffocating, racing heart, and tightness of chest are symptoms of what disorder? a. OCD b. GAD ' c. Panic Disorder ' d. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Panic disorder stems from a malfunction of the a. Pleasure center b. Left prefrontal lobe c. Medulla oblongata (1. Respiratory center In class I pointed out that recent research has indicated that can one of the genes responsible for . Smoking, turn off, ADHD ® Smoking, turn off, schizophrenia . carbohydrates, turn off, schizophrenia d. a biological trauma, turn on, schizophrenia The person who is responsible for obtaining the funding for many of the early asylums is: a. ' Philippe Pinel b. Dorothea Dix c. Benjamin Rush d. Hippocrates took the chains off of the patients in Paris, which William Tuke; resulted in the recovery of the patients Pinel; probably had very little effects on their disorders Benjamin Rush; was part of moral treatment David Holmes; caused the patients to sit in the balcony 999‘?" Page 10 99. Treating patients by driving the Devil out is known as: a. cognitive-behavior therapy b. mesmerism c. moral therapy d. exorcism 100. The physician in Paris who thought that mental disorders were the result of imbalances of the magnetic fluids in the body was: a. ‘ Hippocrates b. Philippe Pinel G Franz Mesmer d. Charcot 101. Psychologists who earn a PsyD degree are trained to ' a. do research and treat patients b. prescribe medication c. treat patients (1. do research 102. Bobby’s mother has recently become depressed. Bobby believes that since his mother has experienced several extremely negative situations in the past year, her depression is a rational response. Bobby’s thinking is an example of: a. the reaction-formation hypothesis b. the myth of mental illness belief c. repression d. the individual's perspective 103. During the Dark Ages, it was believed that caused mental illness. ' a. structural problems in the brain b. evil spirits c. emotional stress d. the devil 104. One of the earliest psychological treatments for mental illness was: a. Psychoanalysis b. Moral treatment c. Hypnosis ' d. Behaviorism 105. A hysterical disorder is: a. A disorder that causes patients to run around screaming b. A mental disorder for which there is a lmown sexual cause 0. I A physical disorder for which there is no apparent physical cause d. A disorder that is called a phobia in today’s psychological terminology 106. Psychiatrists have received a degree; Clinical Psychologists have received a degree. Ph.D. or Psy.D.; MD. b. Ph.D.; Ph.D. or Psy.D. M.D.; Ph.D. or Psy.D. d. M.D.; MD. 107. Currently there is a movement for some Clinical Psychologists to: a. attend medical school b. stop doing research c. be granted preseription privileges d. stop seeing patients and do only research 108. If you were in other parts of the world, what would you call schizophrenia? a. Ghost sickness b. Amok c. Manic-depressive disorder d. Bipolar disorder 109. The reason that one explanation of mental illness has not emerged as the best and most correct is that: a. Psychologists are stubborn and won't accept the evidence that is right there in front of them b. Different explanations are correct for different disorders 0. Psychologists have probably not yet found any correct explanations d. There is no way to study the various explanations scientifically Page 11 110. Who is thought to be the “Father” of the Psychodynamic Approach? a. Josef Breuer b. Sigmund Freud c. David Holmes d. Ivan Pavlov Page 12 ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 12

Abnormal Psychology - Psychology 350 Spring 2006 Exam 1...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 12. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online