earthquakes chpt 16 study guide

earthquakes chpt 16 study guide - Chapter 16 The Great...

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Chapter 16 The Great Dyings 1. The fossil record contains the appearances of ________ life forms. A. hundreds B. thousands C. millions D. trillions 2. In 1786, the French paleontologist Georges Cuvier proved that extinction of species had occurred by demonstrating that the skeletons of ____________________. A. extinct mammoths were distinctly different from those of living elephant species B. extinct sabre-toothed tigers were distinctly different from those of living Bengal tigers C. extinct dinosaurs were distinctly different from those of living dinosaur species D. All of these are correct. E. None of these are correct. 3. The fact that older fossils are more unlike living organisms implies that old forms of life have died out and that new forms of life have developed. This relationship is known as the _______________. A. Law of Faunal Assemblages B. Law of Superposition C. Law of Faunal Succession D. Law of the Sea E. Law of the Land 4. Steno's 1669 Law of Superposition explains that ________________. A. older fossils are more unlike living organisms, that old forms of life have died out, and that new forms of life have developed B. strata of like age can be recognized by the like assemblage of fossils they contain C. younger layers of sediment are deposited on top of older layers D. All of these are correct. E. None of these are correct. 5. In 1786, the French paleontologist _________ proved that extinction of species had occurred. A. Lavoisier B. Georges Cuvier C. Voltaire D. Linnaeus E. Charles Darwin 6. At 3.85 billion years ago, ________ were alive, reproducing and evolving. A. dinosaurs B. archaea C. mammals D. fish E. ferns
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7. The major branches of life include ______________. A. archaea B. bacteria C. eukarya D. All of these are correct. 8. The arrival of sexual reproduction __________________. A. sped up evolution a little bit B. sped up evolutionary changes by thousands of times C. did not change the rate of evolution D. slowed down evolution by a little bit E. slowed down evolution by thousands of times 9. Vertebrates appeared on land ________________. A. before fish appeared in the ocean B. at about the same time as fish appeared in the ocean C. after fish appeared in the ocean D. at some indeterminate time relative to the appearance of fish in the ocean E. after flying birds appeared in the sky 10. The fossil record from times younger than about 544 million years ago is better than that from earlier times because __________________________. A. many of the new groups of organisms began creating hard parts, such as shells, that preserve well as fossils B. oxygen decreased in the atmosphere, decreasing oxidation of fossil body parts C. carbon dioxide increased in the atmosphere, retarding oxidation of fossil body parts D. Both oxygen decreased in the atmosphere, decreasing oxidation of fossil body parts and carbon dioxide increased in the atmosphere, retarding oxidation of fossil body parts are correct. E. people have looked more closely at the younger rocks
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earthquakes chpt 16 study guide - Chapter 16 The Great...

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