earthquakes chpt 12 study guide

Earthquakes chpt 12 - Chapter 12 Short-Term Climate Change and Severe Weather 1 The famous violins made by Antonio Stradavari in the late 1600s may

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Chapter 12 Short-Term Climate Change and Severe Weather 1. The famous violins made by Antonio Stradavari in the late 1600s may owe their superior acoustical properties to the dense wood grown during a 70-year global ____________________. A. warm spell called the Medieval Warm Period B. warm spell called the Primary Greenhouse Warming C. cold spell called the Maunder Minimum D. cold spell called the Stradavari Minimum 2. Episodes of climate change during the last 1000 years include all but which of the following? A. the Maunder Minimum B. the Medieval Maximum C. the Little Ice Age D. the Renaissance Warming E. All of the choices were episodes of short-term climate change. 3. The Little Ice Age that affected Europe from about ___________ lowered average annual temperature by only about 1 ° C but was enough to reduce crop yields, cause mountain glaciers to advance, and produce winters much more severe than in the twentieth century. A. 700 to 1200 C.E. B. 900 to 1400 C.E. C. 1200 to 1700 C.E. D. 1400 to 1900 C.E. E. 1700 to 2100 C.E. 4. During the 20 th century, the average global surface temperature rose ________. A. 0.06 o C B. 0.16 o C C. 0.6 o C D. 1.6 o C E. 6.0 o C 5. Observed effects of global warming in recent decades include all but which of the following? A. increasing abundance of warm-water species in the North Atlantic Ocean B. descending tree-line in mountainous regions of Europe and New Zealand C. earlier arrival of migrating birds in springtime D. lowland birds extending ranges to higher elevations E. All of the choices are observed effects of global warming. 6. Which of the following greenhouse gases accounts for 60% of global warming? A. Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 ) B. Methane (CH 4 ) C. Nitrous Oxide (N 2 O) D. Ozone (O 3 ) E. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC's)
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7. Which of the following greenhouse gases is the most efficient at trapping heat (i.e., has the highest global warming potential - GWP)? A. Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 ) B. Methane (CH 4 ) C. Nitrous Oxide (N 2 O) D. Ozone (O 3 ) E. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC's) 8. Likely global climate changes in the 21st century include all but which of the following? A. melting of the Greenland and West Antarctic ice sheets B. melting of permafrost in Arctic regions C. melting of mountain glaciers D. 30 meter rise in sea level E. more frequent severe drought in the central United States 9. Which of the following types of severe weather results in the highest average annual death toll in the United States? A. Heat B. Cold C. Tornado D. Hurricane E. Lightning 10. In the United States, the average yearly deaths from tornadoes ___________________. A. are greater than any other type of severe weather B. are more than five times greater than yearly deaths from lightning C. are about the same as yearly deaths from lightning D. are more than five times greater than yearly deaths from floods E. are about the same as yearly deaths from floods 11. Severe weather causes about _______ of the yearly deaths and damages from natural disasters.
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This note was uploaded on 05/12/2008 for the course GEOL 171 taught by Professor Tsoflias during the Spring '08 term at Kansas.

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Earthquakes chpt 12 - Chapter 12 Short-Term Climate Change and Severe Weather 1 The famous violins made by Antonio Stradavari in the late 1600s may

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