earthquakes chpt 15 study guide

earthquakes chpt 15 study guide - Chapter 15 Fire 1. On 12...

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Chapter 15 Fire 1. On 12 September 1812, Napoleon and the French army reached the hills outside of _________ and found it to be largely deserted, with fires burning throughout; for six days, the fires raged until 90 percent of the city was incinerated. A. Madrid B. Paris C. Berlin D. Rome E. Moscow 2. In the photosynthesis reaction in plants, ________ is given off as a by-product of the reaction. A. hydrogen B. nitrogen C. carbon dioxide D. oxygen E. water 3. In effect, the solar energy stored by plants during their growth is ___________________. A. returned to the atmosphere during fire B. lost forever during fire C. used to produce ozone during fire D. returned to their roots during fire E. negligibly small 4. Fire-dependent natural ecosystems include all but which of the following? A. grasslands B. seasonal tropical forests C. some temperate-climate forests D. the Mediterranean-climate shrublands E. dense tropical rain forest 5. In Mediterranean climates such as in the Californias, Australia, and South Africa, frequent wildfire is necessary for the health of natural plant communities because _____________________. A. many of the plant species must have the smoke and/or heat of fire to germinate their seeds B. it helps to control parasites C. it influences insect behavior D. many of the plant species must have the smoke and/or heat of fire to germinate their seeds, it helps to control parasites and it influences insect behavior are correct. E. Wildfire is not necessary to maintain a healthy Mediterranean-type ecosystem. 6. The organic debris left on the ground after logging or windstorms is called _______________. A. trash B. junk C. gunk D. brush E. slash
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7. Grasses have broad, exposed surfaces resulting in ___________________. A. fast-spreading fires B. slow-spreading fires C. substantial resistance to burning D. their being virtually fireproof as long as they are green 8. The most intense fires occur in __________________________. A. shrubs containing high contents of natural oils B. grasses that have broad, exposed surfaces C. sparse organic litter D. dense temperate-zone forests 9. Wet wood becomes extremely difficult to ignite because ______________________. A. the water in wet wood has a high capacity to absorb heat B. its temperature must be raised considerably C. the water displaces oxygen (necessary for ignition) in pores in the wood D. Both the water in wet wood has a high capacity to absorb heat and its temperature must be raised considerably are correct. E. the water in wet wood has a high capacity to absorb heat, its temperature must be raised considerably,
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earthquakes chpt 15 study guide - Chapter 15 Fire 1. On 12...

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