earthquakes chpt 11 study guide

earthquakes chpt 11 study guide - Chapter 11 Atmosphere...

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Chapter 11 Atmosphere Oceans and Long-Term Climate Change 1. The Mayan civilization of Mesoamerica fell into decline as a result of ________________. A. floods B. droughts C. hurricanes D. earthquakes E. volcanic eruptions 2. During the course of a year, the equatorial regions of Earth receive about ________________ times as much solar energy as the polar regions. A. 0.7 B. 1.8 C. 2.4 D. 3.6 E. 5.2 3. The fraction of solar energy reflected back to space due to Earth's cloudiness or snow and ice cover is known as ________________. A. libido B. albedo C. segundo D. La Niña 4. When short-wavelength radiation from the Sun passes through a planet's atmosphere but long-wavelength reradiation is trapped, the resulting conditions produce _______________. A. global cooling B. a Bose-Einstein condensate C. the greenhouse effect D. All of the choices are correct. 5. The greenhouse effect results in __________________. A. global cooling B. global warming C. lots of flowers D. the growth of green algae on the shady side of houses worldwide 6. The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of water is referred to as the __________________. A. greenhouse heat B. latent heat C. specific heat D. condensation heat
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7. When the relative humidity reaches 100%, excess water vapor condenses and forms liquid water. This temperature is the __________________. A. condensation temperature B. liquidus temperature C. maximum humidity temperature D. dew point temperature 8. The process of changing from a solid to a gas is referred to as __________________. A. evaporation B. gasification C. sublimation D. condensation 9. A sloping surface separating air masses that differ in temperature and moisture content is called ____________________. A. a front B. a jet stream C. a Hadley cell D. a trade wind E. None of these are correct. 10. Ascending air at the equator and descending air around 30 ° N and S latitudes create semicircular air circulation routes known as _____________________. A. the semi-troposphere B. the trade winds C. westerly winds (westerlies) D. the Subtropical High Pressure Zone E. Hadley cells 11. There are two main jet streams in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, A. a polar jet and a subtropical jet. B. a temperate jet and a tropical jet. C. a polar jet and a temperate jet. D. a slow jet and a fast jet. E. an eastward jet and a westward jet. 12. A polar jet is a belt of winds about 600 miles wide, flowing as fast as _________ in its central "core". A. 37 mph B. 370 mph C. 3700 mph D. the speed of sound E. an orbiting satellite 13. The polar jet stream flows from west to east, under the influence of the Earth's rotation, in ______________________. A. only the Southern Hemisphere
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earthquakes chpt 11 study guide - Chapter 11 Atmosphere...

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