bisc300-final_1998

bisc300-final_1998 - Final Exam, 1998 Questions from Dr....

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Final Exam, 1998 Questions from Dr. Susskind: 1. (4 pts, I pt each) List four different, major ways in which advances in medicine and technology in the last 100 years have drastically reduced morbidity and mortality due to infectious diseases in the United States. 2. (3 pts, 1 pt each) List three examples illustrating that recent advances in medicine and technology sometimes promote certain kinds of infections, including some that were previously rare or unknown. 3. (2 pts, I pt each) List 2 examples that illustrate the concept that morbidity (suffering, symptoms, tissue damage) is sometimes due, in large part, to the host's response to the pathogen rather than the pathogen itself. 4. (16 pts, 1 pt each blank) Fill in the blanks in the table. For "TYPE OF PATHOGEN" specify virus, bacterium, fungus or protozoan. NAME OF DISEASE FULL NAME OF PATHOGEN TYPE OF PATHOGEN Chickenpox Common cold Diphtheria Lyme disease Entamoeba histolytica Helicobacter pylori Plasmodium falciparum Treponema pallidum
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5. (8 pts, 1 pt each blank) In each blank, write one letter: B for botulinum toxin C for cholera toxin D for diphtheria toxin E for endotoxin or T for tetanus toxin _____ ADP-ribosylates a subunit of host Gs proteins _____ part of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria _____ causes massive watery diarrhea _____ causes flaccid paralysis _____ causes spastic paralysis pyrogenic _____ pyrogenic _____ blocks release of acetylcholine at nerve-muscle synapses _____ genes that code for toxin are regulated by availability of iron 6. (A) (3 pts, 1 pt each) Name three pathogens that cause sexually transmitted diseases. (B) (1 pt) How can you avoid getting these diseases? 7. (1 pt) This figure is typical of a disease that is:
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(CIRCLE THE LETTER) a. spread by airborne transmission b. sexually transmitted c. transmitted by animals, insects or ticks d. spread by food-borne transmission e. spread by waterborne transmission (1 pt) Most infections of this type are caused by (CIRCLE THE LETTER): f. viruses g. bacteria h. protozoa 8. (11 pts total) Briefly explain how Cases A through G illustrate concepts and problems you have learned about host-parasite interactions, infectious diseases and immunity. The number of exam
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bisc300-final_1998 - Final Exam, 1998 Questions from Dr....

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