POSC Final Exam Study Guide

POSC Final Exam Study Guide - Executve Order A rule issued...

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Executive Order - A rule issued by the president that has the force of law. Cloture - A procedure for terminating debate, especially filibusters, in the Senate. Sound bite - A televised comment, lasting for only a few seconds, that captures a thought or a perspective and has an immediate impact on viewers. Spin - A reporter’s slant on, or interpretation of, a particular event or action. Iron Triangle - A three-way alliance among legislators, bureaucrats, and interest groups to make or preserve policies that benefit their respective interests. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) - Executive office responsible for helping the President write the federal budget and monitoring federal spending. Speaker of the House - An office mandated by the Constitution. The Speaker is chosen in practice by the majority party, has both formal and informal powers, and is second in line to succeed to the presidency should that office become vacant. Electoral College - The group of electors who are selected by the voters in each state to officially elect the president and vice president. The number of electors in each state is equal to the number of that state’s representatives in both chambers of Congress. Majority Leader - The head of the majority party in the Senate; the second-highest-ranking member of the majority party in the House Minority Leader - Leader of the minority party in a legislature Filibuster - A procedural practice in the Senate whereby a senator refuses to relinquish the floor and thereby delays proceedings and prevents a vote on a controversial issue. Gerrymandering - The drawing of a legislative district’s boundaries in such a way as to maximize the influence of a certain group or political party. Congressional Committees - Refine and improve legislation, Determine support for a policy, Oversee the executive branch & Conduct investigations. Bureaucracy - Is a complex structure of offices, tasks, rules and principles of organization that are employed by all large scale institution to coordinate the work of their personnel. Judicial Restraint - View that the courts should reject any active lawmaking functions and stick to judicial interpretations of the past. (Judges not qualified to be in charge of civil right & issue: judges chosen by President not people.) Judicial Activism - An interpretation of the US cons. holding that the spirit of the times and the needs of the nation can legit. Influence judicial decisions. (activism, pro civil rights, pro minorities) Social Welfare o Borking o Keynesian Economics - An economic theory proposed by British economist John Maynard Keynes that is typically associated with the use of fiscal policy to alter national economic variables.
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  • Fall '10
  • Supreme Court of the United States, President of the United States, National security, Senate Judiciary Committee

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