Chapter 101Test ReviewSection 1●Jackson’s inauguration was a big and rowdy event●Jackson aroused powerful feelings, pro and con●Pro: His supporters viewed his election as the advent of genuine democracy, the coming to power of the “common man”●Cons: Critics considered him a tyrant. They called him King andrew I●Whig party: Created to oppose Jackson. they borrowed their name, the Whig Party, from the opponents of royal power in the eighteenth-century England●Andrew Jackson’s career embodied the major developments of his era - the market revolution, the westward movement, the expansion of slavery, and the growth of democracy●Jackson was a symbol of the self-made man. Unlike previous presidents, he rose from a humblebackground●Jackson’s military campaign against the British and Indians helped to consolidate American control overthe Deep South, making possible the rise of the Cotton Kingdom●Andrew Jackson symbolized one of the most crucial features of national life - the triumph of political democracy●Americans pride themselves on being the world’s oldest democracy●In nineteenth century, democracy meant male suffrage●Democracy became part of the definition of American nationality and the American idea of freedom●The market revolution and territorial expansion were intimately connected with a third central element of AMerican freedom - political democracy●Political democracy - the challenge to property qualifications for voting. Began during the American revolution, and reached its culmination in the early nineteenth century●Not a single state that entered the union after the original 13 had property qualifications●Insistent pressure from men who didn’t meet property qualifications did much to democratize American politics●Non-Freeholders: Landless men●THe personal independence necessary in the citizen now rested not on ownership of property, but on ownership of one’s self - a reflection of the era’s individualism●The lone exception to the trend toward democratization was Rhode Island, which required voters to own real estate or rent property●A center of factory production, Rhode Island had a steadily growing population of propertyless wage earners unable to vote●Dorr War: In October 1841, proponents of democratic reform organized a People’s Convention in Rhode Island, which drafted a new state constitution. It gave all white men voting rights and took voting rights from all blacks. It was ratified in an extralegal referendum and Thomas Dorr, aprominent lawyer, was appointed governor. President John Tyler dispatched federal troops to the state, collapsing the movement and imprisoning Dorr●The Dorr War demonstrated passions aroused by continuing exclusion of any group of white men from voting, and the legislature soon eliminated the property qualifications for native born men, black and white●American politics were boisterous, highly partisan, and sometimes violent●
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 9 pages?