Origins of Islam - Running head ORIGINS OF ISLAM 1 Origins...

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Running head: ORIGINS OF ISLAM Origins of Islam from the Prophet Muhammad to the Sunni-Shia splitMidterm PaperIRLS360 Global Politics of IslamAmerican Military UniversityProfessor Donna Hess04 December16Discuss the origins of Islam from the Prophet Muhammad to the Sunni-Shia split. How did Islam affect society? How did Islam affect politics? 1
ORIGINS OF ISLAMIslam is a monotheistic based faith, like Christianity, Islam is based on the belief of one God. Islam translates to obedience or submission. Its meaning is to submit to the will of God (Allah) [Sau02]. Islam is the second largest religion in the world with just over 1 billion followers [Daf14]. Islam had its beginnings in the 7th century in the Islamic holy city of Mecca. Islam spread very quickly through the Arabian Peninsula. It continued to spread from the “Indus River in the East to Iberia in the West” [Teh12] to become the Islamic Empire by the 8thcentury. Followers of the Islamic faith are called Muslims. Muslims believe that Islam is the original faith, and it had been reveled many times throughout history to such Christian prophets such as Noah, Moses and Jesus. Although, they believe that Muhammad was the last of the prophets and that God had passed his revelations to Muhammad uncorrupted and pure [Daf14]. Unlike the Bible, which is a collection of scriptures that have been written at different times and by different people and from different locations the Qur’an was transcribed from the words and teachings of Muhammad and we believed to be the words straight from Allah. The five pillars of Islam are the basic tenets of the faith. They are considered obligatory and the foundation for all Muslim life. The five pillars are delineated in the hadith of Gabriel [Sau02]. The first of the pillars is Shahada/ Faith, this is a declaration toone true God of Islam (Allah). Salat/prayer consists of five daily prayers that are named for the time of day, first is at dawn and is called Fajr, fallowed by noon/Dhuhr, afternoon/Asr, evening/Maghrib and Night/Isha. The next pillar of Islam is Zakat/ charity,giving of ones accumulated wealth and given to the community. The fourth pillar of Islam2
ORIGINS OF ISLAMis Sawm/ fasting, this refers to ritual fasting during Ramadan, which is an obligatory event during the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Last is Hajj/ pilgrimage to Mecca.

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