Study Questions 4 GC - Rajpreet Bal 214923783 Oct 31st 2016...

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Rajpreet Bal 214923783 Oct. 31 st , 2016 Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional,York University Law and Morality In Literature and Culture AP/HUMA 1825 – 2016-2017 Martin Luther's - Secular Authority: To What Extent it Should be Obeyed PART ONE 1. Throughout the scriptural passages that Luther cites he argues for and against the use of force by Christians. In section I Luther states we have to create "secular law and the sword," and no one is allowed to doubt God's will. This is present through Romans 13, “Let every soul be subject to power and authority, for there is no power but from God. The power that is everywhere is ordained of God. He then who resists the power resists God’s ordinance.” Luther is arguing any power we have is the power from God. The power of authority of any kind, like the emperor is from God. It is the power of God and nothing will happen without it. For example, if violence occurs it is the power of God. Another scriptural passages that Luther cites is Peter 2 “Be subject to every kind of human ordinance, whether to the king as supreme, or to the governors, as to those sent of Him for the punishing of the evil and for the reward.” This means you must follow the states laws as if you have received them from God. The purpose is to punish and protect the good. These two scriptural passages that Luther cites show that violence is permitted from God through the bible. The force of the laws a permitted and are divine. Luther then speaks about Cain, Cain carried God's work forward and was protected by God. Through the reading he cites Gen 4:14 “Whoso sheds man’s blood, his blood shall be shed again by man." This passage means blood for blood. Whoever has killed and shed blood, he will also shed blood himself. This is established also by the law of Moses, Exodus, “A life for a life, an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a foot for a foot, a hand for a hand, a wound for a wound, a bruise for a bruise.” This is a clear example the retaliation is divine. This means justice is fair and for a person who has done evil there must be price they pay for it.

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