Mod 1 Essay Examining Six Models of Abnormality - Running...

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Running head: MODELS OF ABNORMALITYExamining Six Models of AbnormalityBrian HammondGrand Canyon University: PSY-470December 7, 20161
Running head: MODELS OF ABNORMALITYThis essay serves to examine the six models of abnormality and discuss the applications and treatment(s) of the models as they apply to psychology. The specific models to be discussed are the biological, sociocultural, psychodynamic, cognitive, behavioral and humanistic-existential models. Abnormal psychology can be defined as the study of mental disorders/illnesses, their symptoms, why it is that they occur, how they are maintained and the effects they have on/in a person’s life. Models that psychologists use for abnormal psychology are general perspectives, analogies and/or hypothesis that are used to describe the nature of the abnormalities in an attempt to analyze, define and treat mental illness(es). These models provide the assumption(s), provide the categorization and classification and provide the guidelines for research, observation, treatment and education. These models also provide influences as to what researchers and psychologists observe, ask questions of or about, and types of information they may seek and how that information is to be, can be or should be interpreted. There is no single model of abnormality that is able to, or can, explain every condition or perspective of abnormality.Biological ModelThe biological model, also called the medical model, views abnormalities from a medicalperspective. This model has its focus on illness(es) that are occurring due to problems that occur in an organism. With psychological abnormalities, this typically indicates that there are issues with the chemistry within the brain and/or problems with the anatomy of the brain. When there are problems with the chemistry of or within the brain, studies have indicated that problems with certain neurotransmitters can cause levels of chemicals such as serotonin, GABA and dopamine to be released at levels that can cause problems within the brain and body. Due to these abnormalities, this can lead to specific mental disorders such as depression. In addition, 2
Running head: MODELS OF ABNORMALITYendocrine glands, which release hormones, that have physical abnormalities, can lead to certain mood disorders caused by the secretion of hormones such as cortisol. This can lead to heightenedor excessive anxiety/stress. With physical abnormalities of the brain and its development, researchers and studies have found that different disorders are connected to this. An example of this would be a physical disorder of the forebrain being linked to Huntington’s disease. Some causes of these examples happen through, or because of, genetics (genes that are inherited or thathave evolved through lineage) and viral infections. Some of the treatments that the biological model uses include drug therapy, neurosurgery and electroconvulsive therapy. Drug therapy can include drugs such as antidepressant, antianxiety and antipsychotic and antibipolar

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