Strayer_Ch_5_QuestionsMichaelJi

Strayer_Ch_5_QuestionsMichaelJi - Name_Michael Ji Date...

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Name:__________Michael Ji __________ Date:_________________________ Period:_______ AP World History Chapter 5: Eurasian Social Hierarchies Reading Questions China 1. Which group has represented the cultural and social elite in China for more than 2,000 years? - State officials have represented the elite in China 2. Describe the lifestyle and benefits/perks of being Chinese elite. - the lifestyles and benefits of the Chinese elite was living in luxury and having power 3. Owning what meant wealth in classical China? - land 4. Why did peasants have to sell their land to large landowners in China? - authorities required peasants to pay taxes and do a number of things on their own land, so they found it easier to sell it so a landlord and work for them by sharecropping and being tenants 5. In what 2 major ways did wealthy landowners challenge Chinese state authority? 1) They could mount their own military forces 2) They could avoid paying taxes which resulted in an increased tax rate on the peasants 6. What are the 4 major components of Wang Mang’s reforms in China? 1) Government loans to peasant families 2) Limit to amount of land one family could own 3) End to private slavery 4) Large estates be divided among peasants 7. Why did these reforms fail? - Wealthy landowner opposition, nomadic invasions, poor harvests, floods, famines 8. Describe the life of the scholar-gentry class in classical China. - They lived in luxury: Multistoried houses, the finest of silk clothing, gleaming carriages, private orchestras, high-stakes gambling 9. What made life difficult for Chinese peasants? (A) natural causes: Famines, floods, droughts, hail, and pests (B) demands of the state: taxes, demanded labor for public projects, enlist young men into army
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10. Although the Yellow Turban Rebellion was suppressed, how did it affect China? - devastated economy, weakened state, (indirectly) overthrew dynasty 11. How were merchants viewed in Chinese society at this time? - Negatively: unproductive, greedy, selfish, materialistic India 12. What features did India’s social organization share with that of China’s?
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