Document A: ‘City upon a Hill’
The only way to provide for our posterity
is to do justly, to
love mercy, and to walk humbly with our God.
We must be
knit together in this work as one man; we must take care of
each other with brotherly affection.
We shall be united in the bond of peace, the Lord will be our
God and delight to dwell among us, so that we shall see
much more of his wisdom, power, goodness and truth.
We shall be as a City upon a Hill, the eyes of all people are
upon us; so that if we shall [behave badly] and cause God to
withdraw his help from us, we shall [invite] the mouths of
enemies to speak evil of the ways of God, and cause their
prayers to be turned into curses upon us.
Therefore let us choose life, that we, and our [children], may
live; by obeying his voice, for he is our life, and our
Source: John Winthrop (1588–1649), lawyer and leader of the 1630
migration of English Puritans to Massachusetts Bay Colony, delivered
this famous sermon aboard the
to settlers traveling to New