Cold War Essay Guide - 1 The history of much of the second...

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1. The history of much of the second half of the twentieth century is marked by hostilities between the world’s two superpowers (The United States of America, and the Soviet Union). What were the causes of this cold war? What were its stages and how each of them differed from the other? What were the consequences of the cold war for Europe and the world? a. Causes of Cold War - there are so many, honestly I don’t necessarily think you need to remember all of them, I tried to write the causes out like a story so it makes sense, don’t worry - it’s all chronological i. Right after WWII, there were so many consequences, in a way, this was the start of how Europe began to pick up the pieces ii. This is the situation that Europe was in right after WWII: 1. Death of 60 million people 2. Moral responsibility for war atrocities 3. Displacement of 60 million people 4. Higher war casualties in Eastern than in Western Europe 5. Destruction of property 6. Ethnic cleansing during and after the war 7. Denazification of Germany 8. The Nuremberg Trials 9. Fleeing Europe by war criminals iii. At this time, since Germany was defeated in WWII, they lost their status as a global superpower, and since US joined Ally forces and created (and was successful at producing and dropping) the atomic bomb they gained superpower status, the final superpower was the Soviet Union 1. So US and USSR are superpowers (now a two power world), sets the stage nicely for the cold war a. Ideologically completely different: one communism and one democratic iv. United Nations - in a way there was the UN (that supported and believed in mostly

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