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Unformatted text preview: Midterm study guide Ethnomusicology 121 1. What are some traits of the Pygmies music? a. Polyphony (three or more rhythms at the same time) b. Very percussive i. Drums, hand clapping c. Microtonal voice (slides notes) d. Shouting e. Accents on syncopation (off beat) f. Used pentatonic scale ( 5 notes) 2. Where were drums allowed and not allowed? a. Allowed in Puerto Rico, Cuba, Brazil b. Not allowed in U.S. because drums could talk 3. Who was Thomas Andrew Dorsey and what was he known for? a. Godfather of Gospel music. He infused music of faith with elements of jazz and blues 4. Difference between country and urban blues? a. Country- Dominated by males, form defined by the text usually somewhat ir regular bar lengths from chorus to chorus, accompaniment was usually solo guitar that played both rhythm and lead. Important artists: Robert Johnson, Howlin Wolf, Son House. b. Urban- Dominated by women, 12 bar blues AAB form, Typically accompanied by piano or small ensemble. Important artists: Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey 5. What was a Griot and how did Griots relate to music? a. Griots were an African American cast of storytellers known as a memory of west Africa. When slaves were taken from their land, the Griot was lost in a sense and music became the Griot (music, spiritualists, blues). 6. What is a ring shout? a. Ring shouts were a vestige African dance. I t would start with spiritual music and people would form a ring and begin to move slow at first and then get faster and faster. During the ecstatic state, women screamed and fell and men would be exhausted and drop out. 7. What were black codes and how were they used? a. Black codes were how slaves communicated amongst each other without their masters knowing what they were saying. A sort of dual language. It existed in poems, songs, and spirituals as a way of often telling slaves about the Underground Railroad and how to escape. (wade in the water, Swing low, sweet chariot). 8. What was Don Pullens contribution to Jazz? a. Combined Afro-Brazilian jazz with Native American song....
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- Spring '08