Apology Study Notes - PHL 201 1 Prof Ross 19 January 2016...

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PHL 201 – 1 Prof. Ross 19 January 2016 Apology Group Discussion Questions Question / Subject Notes Socrates 70 years of age, yet has never appeared before a court Explains that he will use a more common tongue to speak » People who { sound good } or speak with more eloquent speech, often do not speak the truth Accused of being an accomplished speaker » In regards to speaking the truth? Accurate » In regards to embellishing phrases of speech? They often do not speak the truth Socrates’ defense will be entirely improvised » Believes that truth comes out without rehearsal (?) Finds no use in being emotional and begging for mercy » Shameful and embarrassing » Encourages the jury to consider facts that are of no relevance » Jury would be breaking their oath to judge impartially and justly Socrates makes no claim to knowledge » His defense mostly consists of proving the ignorance of his accusers rather than boasting his own expertise New Accusers Meletus, Anytus, and Lycon New Accusers are the ones who have brought him to trial Claims that Socrates corrupts the youth and does not believe in the Gods that the state declares the land believes in » Define Impiety: lack of respect for God or sacred things Interrogates Meletus during a cross-examination Youth follow Socrates and listen to the world that is in question Meletus What is it that has a good influence on the youth of Athens? » All laws improve the young men of Athens Whom are the people that know the laws? » The jurymen, and then the Councilors and members of the Assembly » Meletus finds he is claiming that almost all of Athens has a positive influence (aka – foot in mouth) » Claims Socrates is sole bad influence Socrates proves that Meletus does not truly care about the well-

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