opinons and social pressure

opinons and social pressure - Joshua Sipe Psychology 1 Asch...

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Joshua Sipe Psychology 1. Asch, S. E. (1955). Opinions and social pressure. Scientific American , 193, 31-35. 2. Peoples assumptions can be altered or persuaded critically and painlessly to external manipulation by suggestion or prestige, and that any given idea or value can be “sold” or “unsold” without reference to its merits. Therefore the purpose of this study is to test the ability of persons to resist conformity and to remain independent. 3. The work of Jean Martin Charcot who was a 19 th century psychologist who believed that only hysterical patients could be fully hypnotized, but his opinion was challenged by two other physicians. Hyppolyte Bernheim and A. A. Liebault demonstrated that they could put most people into a hypnotic state and they suggested that hypnosis was but an extreme form of a normal psychological process which became known as “suggestibility.” This work is relevant to the experiment “Opinions and Social Pressure” because these discoveries serve as a basis for explaining many social phenomena, such as the formation of crowds and following of an authority. This views explained many issues of social psychology when it was born at the beginning of this century.
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