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4-15 notes - IAH 201 Spring 2009 Challenges to...

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IAH 201 Spring 2009 “Challenges to Protestantism from Secular Ideology: The Scopes Trial, Dayton, TN, 1925” Thesis: In 1925, the Scopes Trial became a symbol of the secularization that began to shape American public culture in the late 19 th century. Popular representations of the trial in the years after 1925 suggested that secularism had triumphed over fundamentalist Christianity. Fundamentalist Christians did withdraw from American mainstream culture after the trial, but they were not defeated. Debates over secularism in American public institutions continued throughout the twentieth century. I. Growth of secular ideology in late 19 th —early 20 th century A. Changes to public education -Protestantism was a normal part of early 19 th century public education—Bible reading & daily prayer (using protestant text) was typical -In the late 19 th century, liberal Protestants, Catholics, and Jews called for change. By 1890s, Protestantism was being replaced by secular ideology in public schools and in university B. Charles Darwin, Origins of Species (1859) 1. Darwin’s theory
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