Book IV - o If this happens then we will have a just polis...

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Book IV 16:07 Moderation is the key Wealth o People should not have too much or too little - moderation Too little – cannot function properly Too much – makes people lazy Laws – should not have too many Size of the city/Polis – if gets too big should split into separate states Market – government should have no role and let the market govern itself o Ultra-conservative Freedom of Religion o Hint of Natural Law Theory – everybody is born with certain freedoms  regardless of whether or not they are respected Divine law – rights given by God Classes impact on city Virtues o Rulers – Ought to excel in wisdom o Soldiers – excel in courage o Craftsmen – excel in moderation Everybody should be doing well what their class dictates
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Unformatted text preview: o If this happens then we will have a just polis The Soul (psyche/mind) • Three parts o Reason – rational decisions People who are well developed in this regard should be rulers Doing well in this means you will be wise o Spirit – drive to do something, willpower Should be soldiers Demonstrated by courage o Appetite – desire that feeds what you want Can be literally hunger or thirst but usually more broad Should be craftsmen Excelling at appetite means you use moderation to direct your desires • Beginning of what is justice o If we found justice in the city or individual from this then we wouldn’t be telling a lie – but still not a firm definition 16:07 16:07...
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Book IV - o If this happens then we will have a just polis...

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