edpsych_13 - Chapter 13 Student evaluation o Evaluation:...

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Chapter 13 - Student evaluation o Evaluation: measurement of student performance in academic and sometimes, other areas; used to determine appropriate teaching strategies o Primary purposes: Feedback 1. Feedback to students: students need to know the results of their efforts; to be useful as feedback, evaluations should be specific as possible; regular evaluations gives students feedback on their strengths and weaknesses 2. Feedback to teachers: one of the most important and often overlooked functions of evaluating student learning is to provide feedback to teachers on the effectiveness of their instruction; evaluations also give information to the principal and the school as a whole, which can be used to guide overall reform efforts by identifying where schools or subgroups with schools are in need of improvement Information 3. Information to parents: Routine school evaluations (tests scores, starts, report card grades) keep parents informed about their children’s schoolwork; grades and other evaluations set up informal home-based reinforcement systems – studies found that reporting regularly to parents when students do good work and asking parents to reinforce good reports improves student behavior and achievement 4. Information for accountability: evaluations of students serve as data for the evaluation of teachers, schools, districts, or even state; every state has some form of statewide testing program that allows the states to rank every school in terms of student performance 5. Information for selection and certification: o Selection: sociologists see the sorting of students into societal roles as a primary purpose of schools; elementary students are sorted into reading groups and in many cases into tracks – tracking becomes more widespread and systematic by junior high; students are often steered toward college preparatory, general, or vocational tracks or toward advanced, basic, or remedial levels of particular courses in high school; major storing takes place when students are accepted into various colleges and training programs; some students are selected into special-education or gifted programs or into other special programs with limited enrollments
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o Certification: a use of tests to qualify students for promotion or for access to various occupations; many states and local districts have minimum competency tests that students must pass to advance from grade to grade or graduate; Examples at the
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2009 for the course EDPSY 014 taught by Professor Mangold,susanl during the Fall '08 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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edpsych_13 - Chapter 13 Student evaluation o Evaluation:...

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