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Final_Reviewpsy - PSYCH 212 5 Final Review Chapter 14...

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PSYCH 212, 1 Final Review Chapter 14 Puberty – the time between the 1 st on rush of hormones & full adult physical development. Puberty usually lasts 3-5 years. Many more years are required to achieve psychosocial maturity Menarche – a girl’s 1 st menstrual period, signaling that she has begun ovulation. Pregnancy is biologically possible, but ovulation & menstruation are often irregular for years after menarche Spermache – a boy’s 1 st ejaculation of sperm. Erections can occur as early as infancy but ejaculation signals sperm production. Spermache occurs during sleep ( in a “wet dream”) or via direct stimulation Hormones – an organic chemical substance that is produced by one body tissue & conveyed viz the bloodstream to another to affect some physiological function. Growth Spurt – the relatively sudden & rapid physical growth that occurs during puberty. Each body part increases in size on a schedule: weight usually precedes height, & the limbs precede the torso Sexual Maturation – become capable of reproduction Primary Sex Characteristics – the parts of the body that are directly involved Secondary Sex Characteristics – physical traits that are not directly involved in reproduction but that indicate sexual maturity, such as a man’s beard & a woman’s breasts Age 1 45, accidents (especially motor vehicle accidents) are the leading cause of death Older adolescents are at greatest risk for accidental death on every continent except: 1) Africa – Aids and 2) South America – Homicide 3 Causes: o 1) Body Changes o 2) Brain Changes o 3) Social Context Sexual Abuse – the use of a non consenting person for one’s own sexual pleasure
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PSYCH 212, 2 Child Sexual Abuse – any erotic activity that arouses an adult & excites, shames, or confuses a child, whether or not the victim protests & whether or not genital contact is involved Body Image – a person’s concept of his/her body’s appearance Eating Disorders : Anorexia Nervosa – a serious eating disorder in which a person restricts easting to the point of emaciation & possible starvation. Most victims are high-achieving adolescent females o 4 Symptoms : 1 . Refusal to maintain body weight at least 85% normal BMI 2 . Intense fear of gaining weight 3 4 . In adolescent & adult females, lack of menstruation Bulimia Nervosa -- an eating disorder in which the person, usually an adolescent or young adult female, repeatedly overeats & then purges through induced vomiting or abuse of laxatives o To Diagnose : A binge purge episode must occur at least one a week for 3 months Have an uncontrollable urge to overeat Body image must be seriously distorted Chapter 15 Adolescent Egocentrism – a characteristic of adolescent thinking that leads young
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  • Fall '08
  • Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8, Adult Physical Development, chart pg, body percept ion, adult authority Adolescent

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Final_Reviewpsy - PSYCH 212 5 Final Review Chapter 14...

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