Prelim 2 Equation Sheet - ] A [ k ] A [ k dt ] A [ d 1 = =...

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Chem 215 Equation Sheet- Prelim 2 Thermodynamics and Fundamental Constants H = E+PV Δ E = q + w Δ E = q v Δ E = Δ H - Δ (PV) = Δ H - P ext Δ V PV = nRT (ideal gas law) ln x y = ylnx y ln x ln y x ln = Kelvin - Celcius: T(K) = T( o C) + 273.15 Boltzmann constant: k B Gas Constant: R = 8.31451 J mol -1 K -1 R = 0.082057 l atm mol -1 K -1 Gravity acceleration: g = 9.80665 ms -2 Grav. Pot. Energy: E = mgh Energy Conversion: 1 cal = 4.184 J Kinetic Energy: E = ½ mv 2 Heat Transferred: q = (mass)S Δ T = C Δ T Avogadro’s Number: N A = 6.02214 x 10 23 mol -1 Arrhenius Equation: RT / Ea Ae k = Pressure: 1 atm = 760 mmHg = 760 Torr For ax 2 +bx + c=0, a 2 ac 4 b b x 2 ± = Kinetics: For reaction A products Zero Order Reaction: Rate = k ] A [ k dt ] A [ d 0 = = Integrated Rate Law: kt ] A [ ] A [ 0 t = First Order Reaction: Rate =
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Unformatted text preview: ] A [ k ] A [ k dt ] A [ d 1 = = Integrated Rate Law: kt ] A ln[ ] A ln[ t = Second Order Reaction: Rate = 2 ] A [ k dt ] A [ d = Integrated Rate Law: kt ] A [ 1 ] A [ 1 t + = Spontaneity and Electrochemistry: For Reversible Process: T q S rev = eq o cell K ln n V 025693 . E = Gibbs Free Energy: G = H -T S 1 Ampere = 1 Coulomb/second 1 Faraday = 96,485C/mole = charge on 1 mole of electrons 1 Volt = 1 Joule/Coulomb G = G o + RT lnQ o cell o nFE K ln RT G = = Nernst Equation: Q log n V 0592 . E E o cell cell = ) cell half . oxid ( E ) cell half . red ( E ) anode ( E ) cathode ( E E o o o o o cell = =...
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