Chapter 3 Outline

Chapter 3 Outline - Chapter 3 Concepts and Tools for...

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Chapter 3 Concepts and Tools for Studying Microorganisms Introduction 3.1 The Prokaryotic/Eukaryotic Paradigm Prokaryote/Eukaryote Similarities Homeostasis is an organism’s ability to maintain a stable internal state Many prokaryotes live in communal associations called biofilms Myxobacteria live in a social community dependent on cell-to-cell interaction and communication Prokaryotes carry out many of the same cellular processes as eukaryotes Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes: The Similarities in Organizational Patterns All organisms have similar genetic organization whereby heredity material is expressed Both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells have internal compartments Metabolism occurs in the cytoplasm Ribosomes are involved in protein synthesis Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes: The Structural Distinctions Eukaryotes have membrane-enclosed organelles Protein/lipid transport in eukaryotes is carried out by the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus Mitochondria perform cellular respiration in eukaryotes Both eukaryotes and prokaryotes can perform photosynthesis The eukaryotic cytoskeleton gives the cell structure and transports materials within the cell
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2009 for the course MIC 201 taught by Professor Lacroix during the Spring '08 term at Rhode Island.

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Chapter 3 Outline - Chapter 3 Concepts and Tools for...

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