chapter5 - CHP 5 Problems 5.1-25 27-31 5.0 Functional...

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CHP 5 Problems: 5.1-25, 27-31. 5.0 Functional Groups and Nomenclature I Organic compounds are usually organized by functional group due to the predicable reactivity of each functional group. A systematic method for naming organic chemicals has been developed. 5.1 Alkanes Alkanes have only carbon-carbon and carbon-hydrogen single bonds. They have no functional group and are relatively unreactive. Cycloalkanes contain rings of carbon- carbon single bonds. One of the most important uses for alkanes is for combustion. Chemists frequently use alkanes as solvents for reactions. 5.2 Common Nomenclature for Alkanes Common or trivial names are still frequently used for many small molecules. Butanes Pentanes 5.3 Systematic Nomenclature of Alkanes Systematic names consist of a root that designates the number of carbons in the backbone, a number and a prefix that designate the position and the number of carbons for the branch, and a suffix that designates the functional group. 2-Methylbutane
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2009 for the course CHM 227 taught by Professor Rosen during the Fall '08 term at Rhode Island.

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chapter5 - CHP 5 Problems 5.1-25 27-31 5.0 Functional...

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