CHAPTER 4 notes - CHAPTER 4 SLIDE 1 1 Existentialism...

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CHAPTER 4 SLIDE 1 1. Existentialism - Identified with John Paul Satre - Reacts to modern Philo obsession with reason and consciousness with the cogito - Contempo philo - Acting to predecessor - To philosophize is not to act from the cogito. This is a wrong kind of perspective - Start out with experience itself - Also reacting to certain questions of religion - If it is true that there is a God, and this God is so good to have given us a certain destiny. A destiny provided by God, either you follow that or don’t. - But if you don’t follow that then you will not be happy. Lose your will in the will of God. This is your destiny for happiness. IF there is a destiny, then there is no freedom. That is derogatory to the dignity of the human. The basic ingredient of the human dignity is that we have freedom. Existence precedes essence. 2. Substance or Essence What makes you what you are? I is the most important thing in a thing that makes it what it is. IF you take it away thing ceases to be what it is. Plato’s dialogues Book. What is the beingness of bees? IF you reflect on bees, there are many kinds of bees. What makes all of them bees? Accidents - Those what makes it different from each other (bumble, king bee, Jollibee, etc) - Same bee but iba kind of bee - If you remove antenna of bee, bee parin un. Antenna is accident. IF you remove leg, bee parin. So paa accident parin un. If I remove being the animal of a bee, bee parin ba un? Then his animality is his essence. If you remove two appendage of bee, bee parin ba? NO! Many philo talked about essence of man. Substance and essence always remain. - Eternal element. They are the same in many objects that are alike. - Defining the human about certain qualities that exist in him.
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Qualities are not inert substances. They are qualities that are not moving, eternal underlying elements. The human does not become human by having qualities. The human becomes human in terms of becoming. Not by essence, but by existence. 3. Existence – existere (to stand out) Everything about you changes. If essence is nature, as human beings, you can define who you are.
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