Chapter 4 book - CHAPTER 4 The human as an existential...

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CHAPTER 4 “The human as an existential subject” The human person us not just a part or a member of a species, a logical construction, or an idea. The human person is fully alive and exists in this world. What concretizes the human person is his body. The human person is an embodied subject. While a person expresses his subjectivity through the body, his expressions are in the form of human actions— conscious and self determined actions. Through actions that expresses subjectivity. People have the capacity to choose and determine their actions and selves. They can always choose the limit of their finitude and how they will act and live. People are unique because they have their own lives and personal experiences that cannot be repeated or duplicated by others. Their experiences cannot be objectified because they have their own experiences that are unique to them. LESSON 1 THE HUMAN SITUATION Since the human person is an actual and specific individual, his existence and life is within a specific situation. Facticity Transcendence Features or conditions that are beyond our control Features or conditions of our existence that have been decided and created by us Factors that are given to us and we are born with Within our control Gender, color, family, physical features, physical and social environment Thoughts and actions, decisions and choices, dreams ad attitudes Unchangeable Originate from us Our attitude toward facticity is part of our transcendence or possibility.
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We can regard our facticity as hindrances or opportunities for self-development and meaningful existence. THE HUMAN PERSON AS A BEING IN THE WORLD The term world could mean a physical space or the totality of the physical objects in the world. HEIDEGGER: 1. The world - is not just the space of the totality of objects in this space. It includes the interconnection of these objects. - The world nearest to us— environment - Not just physical objects - Contains the people whom we relate and communicate with - We have our own world - If a student, world is the classmates, staff, books, bags, and places you go to 2. Objects - used, manipulated, consumed, categorized - Read at hand or present at hand a. Ready at hand - ready to be used as tools or equipment - ballpoint pen because ready to be used for writing b. Present at hand - always available for us - it is always available to us for our use People, though, are not like tools which are always available to be used whenever we need them. Our orientation with them is of a personal relation. We establish personal or intersubjective relationships with them. . Our being in the world a. Relation with the things and objects b. Relation with fellow human beings THE NOTION OF EMBODIED SUBJECTIVITY
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GABRIEL MARCEL: The human person is an incarnate subjectivity. The central datum of human existence is its being an incarnate subject. Our human existence has always been associated with “having a body or being a body.” When I affirm something exists, I always mean that I consider that something as
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