GROUP 6 PRESENTATIONTHE GROUP MEMBERS ARE:1.HARMSTONE LUNDU-J17/0108/20122.CHOLO ARNOLD EUGINE-J17/0054/20123.MIKE MAINA-J17/0001/20124.MORRIS NDURERE-J17/0092/2012
CYBERCRIME, COUNTER MEASURES, E-WASTE AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
CYBERCRIMECybercrime refers to crimes that use networks or devices to advance other ends or an illegal act committed by using a computer network or in the internet. The Computer may be used in the commission of the crime or it may be the target.Categories of CybercrimeAgainst persons-transmission of child pornography, harassment of anyone using email or cyber stalking, obscene materials disseminationAgainst Property-against all forms of property. They include unauthorized computer trespassing, computer vandalism, transmission of harmful programs, unauthorized possession computerized information. Against Government-cyberspace used by individuals and groups to the international government to threaten the citizens of a country. It manifest itself into terrorism when an individual cracks into a government or military maintained website.
EXAMPLES OF CYBERCRIMESHacking-Theft-person violates copyrights and download music, games s/wCyber stalking-online harassment,victim subjected to barrage of online msg/eonline scams and fraud, identity theft- Malicious s/w-internet based sw/programs used to disrupt a network. illegal or prohibited online content(child soliciting n abuse).
CYBERCRIMES SHARE THREE ELEMENTS1. Tools and techniques to perpetrate a crime2. Approach or methodology for executing the criminal plan — known as a vector3. Crime itself that is the end result of those plans and activities from a general list of cybercrimes compiled byother groups or organizations, most of which focus on the vectors or tools.
TOP FIVE CYBER CRIMES.1. TAX-REFUND FRAUDTax-refund fraud has become rampant in recent years. An article from the October 2012 issue of the Journalof Accountancy relayed a single incident where three defendants were charged with filing more than 5,000false tax returns using the Social Security numbers of deceased taxpayers to claim fraudulent refundstotaling about $14 million.1A second article quotes a U.S. Treasury Inspector General Journal of Accountancy of Tax Administration(TIGTA) report that suggests the IRS failed to notice 1.5 million tax returns associated with (potentially identitytheft-related) fraudulent tax refunds in excess of $5.2 billion for the 2011 tax season. The IRS simultaneouslyreported that it detected nearly 1 million tax returns with fraudulent refunds of $6.5 billion in the same taxseason.2 The city of Tampa, FL, alone estimates that in the past two years, cybercriminals have cashed in $450million in fraudulent tax refunds.
2. CORPORATE ACCOUNT TAKEOVERiiDuring the summer of 2008, a different type of cybercrime was identified — corporate account takeover.