Syntax II Manuscript - An Introduction to Syntactic...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
An Introduction to Syntactic Analysis and Theory Hilda Koopman Dominique Sportiche Edward Stabler
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
1 A Short Introduction 1 2 Morphology: Starting with words 7 3 Syntactic analysis introduced 43 4 Clauses 93 5 Many other phrases: first glance 109 6 X-bar theory and a first glimpse of discontinuities 131 7 The model of syntax 151 8 Binding and the hierarchical nature of phrase structure 173 9 Apparent violations of Locality of Selection 197 10 Raising and Control 213 11 Summary and review 233 iii
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
1 A Short Introduction Linguistics is a domain in which language or languages are studied. The no- tion of language or languages is a common sense notion. In general, it is not sufficient or very informative to define a field of inquiry by naming the com- mon sense entities it studies. There may be many different fields studying more or less the same common sense entities. For example one can study the oceans from the point of view of a biologist, a climate oceanographer, a plate tectonics physicist, a zoologist, a botanist, a chemist... It is useful and necessary to give an idea of the type of questions that one is asking about these entities. If one tries to name as precisely as possible the entity that a large portion of modern linguistics studies, one could say it is the "language faculty" in humans. This attribute includes among other things the capacity that hu- mans have to physically or mentally manifest their thoughts, to express lin- guistically new and original ideas, in principle in infinitely many ways. This attribute also underlies the ability to understand others, to have coherent conversations, to deduce other people’s intentions from their utterances etc... Investigating this complex and in many ways mysterious language fac- ulty looks like a daunting task. One initial problem is to try to formulate sensible questions about it, that provides a framework within which incre- mental knowledge about this faculty can be gained. We can start with the observation of a simple case of linguistic behavior. We use language. An acoustic wave hits our ear. This vibration is trans- formed into nerve impulses which reach our brains, where this nervous signal is somehow transformed into an idea, a thought: this is speech per- ception or recognition. Inversely, an idea starts forming in our mind which we may begin to manifest physically through speech or signs: this is speech production. These simple observations evoke the following questions: What exactly goes on when we produce or recognize speech? How does perception or production unfold in real time, and what is its material sub- strate? 1
Image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2 1. A SHORT INTRODUCTION In the case of language, the nervous system, particularly the brain, seems to possess algorithmic properties of information management and process- ing: it can store and manipulate information. These properties somehow emerge from the organization of cerebral matter. It is customary nowadays to think that this accomplished by brain circuitry.
Image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern