SalasA10 - Name Daniel Salas Phone 808-729-7204 Email [email protected] College Thomas Edison State University Semester June 2016 Course code

SalasA10 - Name Daniel Salas Phone 808-729-7204 Email...

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Name: Daniel Salas Phone #: 808-729-7204 Email: [email protected] College: Thomas Edison State University Semester: June 2016 Course code: PSY-317-GS004 Course name: Worlds of Childhood Instructor: Dr. Lee StJohn Date sent: 8/16/16 Date Due: 8/21/16 Week 11, WA10 Describe three types of atypical behaviors in childhood. What are the causes, symptoms, and treatment modalities? What kind of impact is an atypical child likely to have on a family? In order to understand what an atypical behavior is we must understand what typical behavior is in a child. During typical child development, a continuous and ongoing learning experience occurs were children build upon basic skills to learn new skills and throughout this growth we witness a normal range of variation. Now atypical development “involves behaviors that are not only unusual, but also part of an enduring pattern that interferes with a child’s development in significant ways” (Bee & Boyd, p.373). You can think of it as if a carpenter was building a house. You start with the foundation, then your framework, and then you do the roof, followed by the exterior, and then finish with interior. The house is not going to be built perfectly and this carpenter will build it slightly different then another carpenter, but the main thing is that there are not significant errors that may cause the house to never fully be finished. If there are significant errors the house will be constructed wrong and will have to be redone. With children there is no redo, we try to identify and help treat atypical behaviors in the early stages of development so
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that they do not become too significant in that child’s development process. Three types of atypical behaviors are Autism, down syndrome, and Rett syndrome. RETT syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects girls almost exclusively. Children that are diagnosed with Rett syndrome do not show signs at birth, syndrome generally develop normally for about seven to eighteen months after birth. Normal early growth and development is common but then is followed by slowing development, loss of purposeful use of hands, distinctive hand movements, slowed brain and head growth, problems with walking, seizures, and intellectual disability (Lyst & Bird,2015). Rett syndrome has been categorized into four stages; early onset, rapid destructive, the plateau or pseudo-stationary stage, and lastly the late motor deterioration stage. Apraxia; the inability to perform motor functions, is perhaps the most severely disabling feature which interferes with every body movement, including eye gazing and speech. Stage one is typically between six and eighteen months of age. At this early stage symptoms are often over looked because they’re very vague, most parents and doctors may fail to notice the slowing of development at first. Stage two is usually between the ages of one and four. The child begins to slow down development and may rapidly or gradually lose purposeful hand skills and spoken language. At this stage the hands play a key role in helping diagnose Retts, the child will
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  • Down syndrome, Rett Syndrome

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