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Unformatted text preview: Two main goals of Psychology 1. To build a body of knowledge about people 2. To apply that knowledge to help people.
Dr. Charissa Cheah Office: MP 330 Tel: 410-455-1059 E-mail: [email protected] Scientific methods and rigor Generalization: applicable across samples and settings. BUT... Is what we know as truth or principle about human behavior in psychological research true for all people, regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, culture, class, or lifestyle? One Goal of Cross-Cultural Psychology To understand if psychological principles are: Universal (True for ALL people OR Culture-Specific (True for SOME people of SOME cultures) 1 Why study "culture"?
1. To understand human behavior 2. To determine whether our conceptions of "human" behavior are Western-biased 3. To learn about the human condition & its evolutionary heritage 4. To reveal how culture shapes our own behavior 5. To understand people in our daily lives 6. To prevent cultural misunderstandings with people in our personal, work, and social settings Definitions of Culture
Oxford English Dictionary (1995): The arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively. Triandis and Pepitone (1987): ...the shared meanings that are encoded into the norms that constitute it... Geertz (1973): ...a system of inherited conceptions expressed in symbolic form by means of which men and women communicate, perpetuate and develop their knowledge about and attitudes toward life... Matsumoto (2001) "...a dynamic system of rules, explicit and implicit, established by groups... involving attitudes, values, beliefs, norms, and behaviors, shared by a group but harbored differently by each specific unit within the group, communicated across generations, relatively stable but with the potential to change across time..." (p. 24) 2 ...
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- Spring '08
- Psychology, Geertz, Dr. Charissa Cheah, Pepitone