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LAincomedist - H—W TABLE 4—1 Income Distribution in...

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Unformatted text preview: H—W TABLE 4—1 Income Distribution in Selected Countries‘ ___________________'_______.____._————————-—-——— Counlry_ °/o of income received by: . Lowest 40% ' Highest 20% Gini concentration ratio' Low-income countries India 21.3 41.3 311 China 17.4 41.8 .351 Sri Lanka 23.0 39.3 ' 294 Indonesia 20.8 42.3 .322 Middle-income countries Brazil 7.0 67.5 .610 Malaysia 12.9 _ 53.7 .473 Venezuela 14.3 49.5 .429 Hungary 25.7 34.4 .227 Mexico 11.9 55.9 .493 South Korea ~ '1 9.7 42.2 .331 High-income countries Hong Kong 16.2 47.0 .400 Singapore 15.0 48.9 .422 Australia 15.5 42.2 . .374 United Kingdom 14.6 44.3 .393 Canada 16.5 40.2 .343 France ' 17.4 41.9 .354 Germany‘ 18.8 40.3 .329 United States 7 15.7 41.9 .369 Sweden 21.2 36.9 .279 Japan 21.9 37.5 . .282 Switzerland 16.9 44.6 . .388 ______—___________________———————————— ' Dates of the surveys underlying these estimates vary by country; they range from 1981 to l992. Countries are categorized and ranked by their GDP per capita (PPI’) in 1990. ' Approximate Cini concentration ratios calculated from grouped data (that is, from data that have been aggregated by in- come-size groups). ' Data refer to West Germany in I988 (before unification). (nut/‘0' lk’lirflf I'M-unflnununl Qr-nufl luff-1 Table 3. Country Ranking in the 19905 According to Different Welfare Indicators - Proponionorpoor Brazil 61.4 65.6 I Honduras 892 — Honduras 2 Panama L341 2 Guatemala 59.9 2 Panama 48.4 3 Peru 1.419 3 Panama 57.4 3 Brazil 43.5 4 Jamaica L453 4 Honduras ' 56.9 4 Guatemala 42.5 5 DominicanR L759 5 Chile 56.5 5 Dominican R. 39.5 6 Guatemala L759 . 6 Mexico 54.2 6' Peru 35.0 7 Brazil L769 7 DominicanR 51.6 7 Jamaica 25.1 8 Colombia 2.057 8 Colombia 48.2 8 Colombia 23.8 9 Costa Rica 2,088 9 Venezuela 47.1 9 Chile 23.5 Mexico 22.3 Costa Rica 22.1 — 0 Costa Rica 46.5 Bahamas 45.0 10 Chile 2.659 11 Mexico 2.751 O — — p— .— Venezuela 13.4 Bahamas ' 8.9 l2 13 Jamaica 37.9 12 Venezuela Peru 13 Bahamas Source: Authors'calculations. ...
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