Nomenclature Outline - NOMENCLATURE OUTLINE I. II. III....

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Unformatted text preview: NOMENCLATURE OUTLINE I. II. III. General A. Principalfunctionalgroup(suffix) B. Mainmolecularskeleton C. Substituents D. Numbering Skeleton Priorities-largestgroupcontaining: A. Greatestnumberofprincipalfunctionalgroup B. Cyclicskeletonpreferredoveracyclic C. Largestring D. Mostmultiplebondsinring E. Mostmultiplebonds F. Lowlocantnumbersfor: 1. Principalfunctionalgroup 2. Allmultiplebonds 3. Doublebonds Numbering-lowestnumbersto: A. Principalfunctionalgroup B. Multiplebonds C. Doublebonds D. Substituents E. Firstsubstituentinname ORDER OF PRIORITY AND NAMES Group carboxylic acid carboxylic ester acid halide amide nitrile aldehyde ketone alcohol mercaptan amine ether alkene alkyne halide nitro alkane Prefix carboxyalkoxycarbonyl-; alkoxy, oxohalocarbonyl-; halo, oxoaminocarbonyl-; amino, oxocyanooxo-; formyloxohydroxymercaptoaminoalkoxyalkenylalkynylhalonitroalkyl- Suffix -oic acid; -carboxylic acid -oate; -carboxylate -oyl halide; -carbonyl halide -amide; -carboxamide -nitrile; -carbonitrile -al; -carboxaldehyde -one -ol -thiol -amine -ene -yne (not used as suffix) (not used as suffix) -ane from"NamingandIndexingofChemicalSubstancesforChemicalAbstracts" FUNCTIONAL GROUPS O O H O O R O X O N COOH COOR COX CONR2 carboxylic acid carboxylic ester acid halide amide O N H CN CHO O O N+ O CO NO2 nitrile aldehyde ketone nitro OH SH NR2 O alcohol mercaptan amine ether X alkene alkyne halide ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/15/2008 for the course CHEM 3053 taught by Professor Any during the Spring '08 term at The University of Oklahoma.

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Nomenclature Outline - NOMENCLATURE OUTLINE I. II. III....

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