Introduction CHAPTER 1
Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) OSH is a cross-disciplinary area concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment. Cross-disciplinary involve interactions among many subject areas, including: • occupational medicine • occupational hygiene • public health • safety engineering • industrial engineering • C hemistry • health physics • E rgonomics • occupational health psychology
Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) The goals of OSH programs: • to provide a safe and healthy work environment. • to protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, and many others who might be affected by the workplace environment.
Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) OSH can be important for: • Moral – employee’s lives and health • Legal – preventive, punitive, compensatory effect of laws • Financial - employee injury and illness related costs, including medical care, sick leave and disability benefit costs.
Everyone has the right to work in a safe environment. Through cooperative efforts, employers and employees can learn to identify and eliminate or control hazards.
“When one cannot absolutely eliminate a dangerous situation, One must make the occurrence of that situation a very unlikely event”
WHY SAFETY IS A CONCERN?
ACT,REGULATIONS,ICOP/Guidelines • ACT • Covers scope and basic provisions • Approved by Parliament • Acts which cover Occupational Safety and Health are: OSHA 1994, FMA 1967, ABE 1990 and EQA 1974 • REGULATIONS • Contains detailed explanations for each provision under the Act • Approved by the Minister • INDUSTRY CODE / GUIDELINE • Guidelines in fulfilling requirements of the relevant Act • Drafting of Code of Practice can be initiated by Industry and approved by DOSH • Not a part of the laws of the nation